In tMs region the son never shone, and tbere was nothing to mark the divisiooB of time. A portion of the period during which Milton imagines these fallen angels to have lain here, is the precise time of the creation of our visible universe. See Par. The nine days are ivhiequent to tlie nine days Book VI. H71 or the fall of the rebel angels from heaven to hell. Hume " Patrick Hume, a Scotch schoolmaster, wtio pabllstted in the first annotated edition of Par.
Lout " pointed oDt, was a mystical number, often used by the ancient poets, by way of a certain for an onoer- tain time. Spenser has 'a crew ot lords and ladies. Confoimded Lat. T81; XI. TG9 ,bntthe noun would appear tobe usually i ccented on the first syllable as now. Bals- fal A. Old Eug. Ordinarily it means sorrowful 7 What ot the old snper- stltion about the injurious magicorfascinationof an'evileye'7— ST. Wt- nMMd, testified to, bore witness of. Lost, III. Note the proper original accent of the word, from Lat.
As far as angel's ken. In Milton's time it was not common to mark the possessive case by an apostrophe. We are therefore uncertain whether angels is noni. Hunter, Major, Storr, and others make angels plu.
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Keightley and Masson print AngeTs, and, with Ross, they make ken a noun. Which is best? Ken A. Brovme, But Shakespeare also used the plu. Waste and wild. Keightley thinks that here is a recollection of Gen. Dungeon Lat. Sanger fr. The word originally meant the principal building of a district, or the fortress which commanded the rest , ' an underground prison, such as once used to be placed in the strongest part of the fortress. Modifies what? Great famaoe.
The language used in Rev. No light. Supply came, or shone, or there toast Zeugma? Darkness visible. Tliis powerful line arrests the attention of many critics. Hunter quotes from Chaucer's Parson's Tale, " In hell. Served only to discover sights of woe, Kegions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace 65 And rest can never dwell ; hope never comes That comes to all ; but torture without end Still urges, and a fiery deluge, fed With ever-burning sulphur unconsumed.
Such place eternal justice had prepared 70 For those rebellious ; here their prison ordained In utter darkness, and their portion set As far removed from God and light of heaven Seneca's description of the grotto of Pausilippo, " We see not through the dark- ness, but see the darkness itself. Voltaire refers to a History of Mexico by Antonio de Solis, published in , speaking of the place where Montezuma used to consult his deities, " It was a large dark subterranean vault, where dismal tapers afforded just light enough to see the obscurity.
Hope never comes. Urges Lat. The brimstone of Rev. Had prepared. Darkness, as in Jude, 6, XTtter A. Lost, HI. Spenser Faerie Queetie, IV. At far removed. It took them nine days to fall thither, pursued all the way by lightnings. Lost, Book VI. Lost, VIII. Oil, how unlike the place from whence they fell! See in the Introduction the diagrams illustrating Milton's conception of the successive stages of creation in that portion of infinite space with which this poem deals.
Lost, Book II. As from the centre thrice, etc. Nearly all the commentators appear to have mistaken Milton's meaning. Tlie first was the Ethereal, extending from Heaven to Earth ; the second was Hades, of like depth ; the third and lowest was Tartarus, or the place of pun- ishment, an equal distance below Hades. Oh, how unlike the place, etc. This momentary glimpse of heaven adds to the horror? Note the enei'gy and the alliteration. Dunster quotes Psalm xi. Weltering Lat. So in Lycidas, 1. Long after known iu Palestine and named 80 Beelzebub.
To whom the arch-enemy, And thence in heaven called Satan, with bold words Breaking the horrid silence, thus began : — " If thou beest he — but oh, how fallen! Palestine Hebrew, Pelesheth. Here, as in Exodus xv. He is styled 'the prince of the devils ' in Matt. The word is said to mean ' god of flies '! Thence, from that fact, i. Satan in Hebrew signifies adversary.
In Isaiah xiv. Ah me, how he looked! Note the abrupt transitions in this speech, indicating the tumultuous agitation of Satan's soul! Any art in this? In line , Book I. A myriad, fivpids in Greek, was originally ten thousand. Here it is put for vast multitude? Mntual Lat. Macanlay stigmatizes "the low barbarism of 'mu- tual friend ' "! Epithet describing 'thoughts' and 'counsels '? Though changed in outward lustre, that fixed mind. And high disdain from sense of injured merit. That with the mightiest raised me to contend. And to the fierce contention brought along Innumerable force of spirits armed That durst dislike his reign, and, me preferring.
What though the field be lost 1 All is not lost ; the unconquerable will, And study of revenge, immortal hate. And courage never to submit or yield, And what is else not to be overcome — That glory never shall his wrath or might no ThoaghtB, one of the subjects of 'joined '? This word viv- idly suggests the aspiring ambition of Satan. Kow misery hath joined. Supply whom t or Oiee f What is the conclusion of the sentence beginning with if, lines 84 and 87? Bentley points out the similarity of the passage to Ovid, Met. This passage is wonderfully condensed, "Thou, being fallen from such height into such depth, art shown how much stronger he was.
The thunder made a deep impression on Satan and his followers. How often they allude to it! Is there any trace here of the notion in Shakespeare in Julius CotsaVy for instance of the thunder as a weapon separate from the lightning? Meaning of this word in line ?
The language of Prometheus in defying Jove and in asserting unconquerable will JSsch. What evidence that Milton had Prometheus in mind in other passages of Par. Lost f — The critics will have it that Milton here uses this word like studies in Shakes. But is this necessary? Some few interpret this line as if it read. Not to be overcome — what is it but this? But the majority explain it as meaning, If anything else is incapable of being overcome, that is not lost.
To bow and sue for grace With suppliant knee, and deify his power Who, from the terror of tnis arm, so late Doubted his empire — that were low indeed ; That were an ignominy and shame beneiith This downfall : since, by fate, the strength of gods And this empyreal substance cannot fail ; Since, through experience of this great event. In arms not worse, in foresight much advanced, We may with more successful hope resolve To wage, by force or guile, eternal war, Irreconcilable to our grand foe, Who now triumphs, and in the excess of joy Sole reigning holds the tyranny of heaven.
Which is preferable? Root- meaning of this word? The Lat. What was the classical conception of fate? Empyreal substance. Satan assumes that the angels are inde- structible. The Greek ovo-ta, ousia, essence, is Lat. Besides Ps. How used in a preceding line? Tri- umphs. Accent 2d syl. So Sl? Milton does not forget to make Satan 'the father of lies.
Tyranny Gr. Apostate Gr. Whether upheld by strength, or chance, or fate! Too well I see and rue the dire event. That with sad overthrow and foul defeat Hath lost us heaven, and all this mighty host. In horrible destruction laid thus low, As far as gods and heavenly essences Can perish : for the mind and spirit remains tate is properly what?
Is the worcl correctly used in this passage?
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Compeer Lat. Throned powers. Thrones are mentioned as one of the nine angelic orders. Paul, in Rom. See 1. Embattled, drawn up in battle array. Seraphim, plural of seraph. The only similar word in Hebrew is saraphf to bum ; but Gesenius connects it with an Arabic word signifying high, or eminent, exalted. The name occurs nowhere in the Bible, except in Isaiah vi.
Meaning here? Is there anything in the remainder of this speech to militate against this constmction? Perpetual Lat. Put to proof, tester!. Does it mean, 'tested his high supremacy'? Event Lat. Invincible, and vigor soon returns, 14a Though all our glory extinct, and happy state Here swallowed up in endless misery.
But what if he our conqueror whom I now Of force believe almighty, since no less Than such could have overpowered such force as ours Have left us this our spirit and strength entire Strongly to suffer and support our pains. That we may so suffice his vengeful ire. Or do him mightier service as his thralls By right of war, whatever his business be, Here in the heart of hell to work in fire. Or do hia errands in the gloomy deep 1 AVhat can it then avail, though yet we feel Strength undiminished, or eternal being, To undergo eternal punishment 1 " Whereto with speedy words the arch-fiend replied : — Why the singular?
See in Matt. Betarns, and therefore will retuni to iis. Keightley, — Of force like Gr. Suffice, be sufficient for, satiate, satisfy, glut. Difference between the language of prose and that of poetry? Thralls A. BuBineSB, the work he wislies to have performed? Shakespeare's line Tempest, I. Tlie gloomy deep, the same as described in Book II. To andergo. On what does this grammatically depend? Speedy words. But see! Beelzebub seemed sinking into despair, and Satan hastened to change the current of his thoughts?
Properly a being of composite form? Tlie student will do well to examine what is said of Cherubim in Gen. The seraphs, according to the schoolmen, were pre-eminent in the ardor of their love; the cherubs, in knmoUdge. To be weak is miserable, doing or suffering. People, " It is not so sad to be blind as not to be able to endure blindness.
Doing or Boffering. In II. Being the contrary. Scan the line. Milton uses the word ten times in Para- dise Lost, and always in its ordinary sense, unless this be an exception. See ,,etc— See Ps. Let us not slip the occasion, wliether scorn Or satiate fury yield it from our foe. But Milton is consistent with himself ; for, 1 st, Satan may have though t thepursuing terrors and furies, mentioned in Book VI.
O'erblowiif blown over, having ceased to be blown. Hath laid, hath stilled. So the Greek trropcctf, storeo, and Lat. What is the effect of heavy rain or tliick hail on waves? Regained , IV. Tlie thnnder. Thunder is here a monster, with lightning wings impelled by rage, a monster that hurls fiery shafts, and bellows through the infernal world. Milton uses its in 1.
Note the Miltonic sonorousness of this remarkable line. Vast is pei'haps here waste, desolate. Satiat9, glutted. This omission of final d is common in Shakes, and in Early English. With head uplift above the wave, and eyes That sparkling blazed ; his other parts besides Prone on the flood, extended long and large, Lay floating many a rood ; in bulk as huge Abbott's Shakes.
Forlorn and wild. The 'waste and wild' of 1. Forlorn Ger. Probably such a ghastly hue as livid 'black and blue ' flame casts on the face. To take shelter? See Shakes. Afflicted Lat. Powers as in Macbeth, V. In what sense 1 — What kind, moral or physical? If not. Supply 'any. Adver- bial modifier of what? Classic usage? See note on The omission is for euphony. Sparkling biased. Other parts besidoB. In Matt. As whom the fables name of monstrous size, Titanian or earth-born, that warred on Jove, Briareos or Typhon, whom the den By ancient Tarsus held ; or that sea-beast Leviathan, which God of all his works Created hugest that swim the ocean-stream : Him, haply, slumbering on the Norway foam, The pilot of some small night-foundered skiff Rood Dutch roede, a measure of ten feet in land-surveying.
Wedgioood , Often used in Old Eng. FableSi Greek myths? The Titans were sons of Uranus heaven and Gaia earth. They deposed Uranus, but were cast out of Olympus by Zeus Jove. Briareos the strong one, the mighty , quadrisyl. His brothers were Gyges and Cottus, each hundred-handed and fifty- headed. Hesiod makes them all sons of Uranus and Gaia, like the twelve Titans.
Briareos and Typhon we may regard as personifications of volcanic forces. Virgil calls the sun Titan, and the stars Titanian. This beast in Ps. In Job xli. Perhaps Milton conceived of a monster like some whose gigantic remains are the wonder of geologists. The movement in the rhythm of this line is happily analogous to that of the monster described? Pilot Low Ger. Kight-fonndered Fr. So stretched out huge in length the arch-fiend lay, Chained on the burning lake ; nor ever thence Had risen or heaved his head, but that the will And high permission of all-ruling Heaven Left him at large to his own dark designs, That with reiterated crimes he might Heap on himself damnation, while he sought Evil to others ; and, enraged, might see How all his malice served but to bring forth Infinite goodness, grace, and mercy, shown On man by him seduced, but on himself Treble confusion, wrath, and vengeance poured.
Driven backward, slope their pointing spires, and, rolled beautifully poetic epithet used also in ComuSf is censured as improper by- some of the prosy critics. Kind of craft? Bcaly, incrusted. Olaus see 1. ITnder the lee A. InvestB Lat. So IV. With transitive verbs we use the preposition more than the Elizabethan writers did. Abbott's Shakes. This line analogous to what it describes?
See 2 Pet. Is the conception incongruous? Satan must be free, for the reasons so concisely and sublimely stated. On man. Why on rather than to t — Etymology of the word? Milton several times calls the Sea of Azof a pool ; also the Dead Sea. Spires Gr. In billows, leave i' the midst a horrid vale. Then with expanded wings he steers his flight Aloft, incumbent on the dusky air That felt unusual freight, till on dry land He lights ; if it were land that ever burned With solid, as the lake with liquid fire, And such appeared in hue, as when the force Of subterranean wind transports a hill Torn from Pelorus, or the shattered side Of thundering iEtna, whose combustible And fuelled entrails, thence conceiving fire, Sublimed with mineral fury, aid the winds, And leave a singed bottom all involved With stench and smoke.
Such resting found the sole Of unblest feet. Thyer quotes Faerie Queene, I. What hue? Wind in this line, winds in 1. The N. They forget their Virgil. The strait is now about a mile and a half wide. Thundering JEtna. Fuelled Gr. Sublimed Lat. Involved with. The mean- ing of the two expressions is slightly different : with implies a more confused mixture of solids with gases ; f? Which better suits Milton's idea?
Unblest feet. Ignoring Milton's purpose to assemble the rebel army on this burning soil, Ruskiu says and the Clar. The essence of fire is not there. No smoke or cinders there. Pure, white, hurtling, formless flame; very fire-crystal, we cannot make spires nor waves of it, nor divide it, nor walk on it ; there is no ques- tiou about singeing soles of feet.
It is lambent annihilation. Painters, Part III. Whatever may be thought of Riuskin's extraordinary interpretation of Dante, it is not clear that he understands Milton! As if degree of hoiness were the thing that Milton should have aimed to depict! Milton seems to have had the passage from Dante in mind in Par. Lost, XI. Change for heaven, a Latinism for 'change heaven for,' 'change' being equivalent to 'receive in exchange' like Lat. See Hor. Sovran Lat. Whom reason hath equalled, force hath made supreme Above his equals.
Farewell, happy fields, Where joy forever dwells! Hail, horrors! The mind is its own place, and in itself Can make a heaven of hell, a hell of heaven. Better to reign in hell, than serve in heaven! But wherefore let we then our faithful friends, The associates and copartners of our loss, Lie thus astonished on the oblivious pool, and from his thunder, too. Force hath. Keightley suggests that Milton perhaps dictated fiad. Which is preferable 1—, What considerations or ingredients intensify the pathos here? Last, IV. Ita own place. Milton uses its but three times ; the word was just coming into use, but was wholly avoided in King James's Bible, and occurs very rarely in Shakespeare.
All but lef f. Supreme, except that I am less? New- ton proposed to read albeit, — Whom thunder, etc. For his envy. A grim mirth! The energy of these lines is superhuman. They voice the inmost soul of Satan, and strikingly contrast it with the spirit of Acbilles in Odys. Similar is the sentiment of Prometheus in iEschy. As Vou Like It. Astonished Lat. XuuioK maiiire, to reiuaia ], aliiiling-plm- — 27S. A dasaic ntagv. Yonr preftrence. Fcmieions Uil. Ijn' ' samfeTenM. TaUamo It.
RivecBy or moimtains, in her spotty globe. His spear — to equal which the taUest pine. Hewn on Norwegian hills, to he the mast On some great ammiral, were but a wand — He walked with, to support uneasy steps Over the burning marie, not like those steps On heaven's azure ; and the torrid clime Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with fire. Nathless he so endured, till on the beach Of that inflamM sea he stood, and called His legions, angel forms, who lay entranced Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks In Vallombrosa, where the Etrurian shades High over-arched imbower ; or scattered sedge Afloat, when with fierce winds Orion armed Hath vexed the Red Sea coast, whose waves o'erthrew Busiris and his Memphian chivalry, Write out the proportion : A8 a wand to the tallest piue, so —?
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See Odys. ICarley soft clayey soil. Conceive this gigantic being sinking at every step in the fiery- mire! KathlesB A. Frequent in early English. Strow Lat. YalloxnbroBa Lat. Vallombrosa, in sight of Florence, though eighteen miles distant, visited by Milton in September, Sedge, sea-weed. Orion, a mighty Boeotian hunter, who at death became a constellation. Storms attended its rising and setting. Armed, with sword and club.
So thick bestrown, Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood. Under amazement of their hideous change. He balled so loud that all the hollow deep Of hell resounded : — " Princes, Potentates, Warriors, the flower of heaven, once yours, now lost. If such astonishment as this can seize Eternal spirits! Or have ye chosen this place After the toil of battle to repose Your wearied virtue, for the ease you find To slumber here, as in the vales of heaven 1 Or in this abject jDosture have ye sworn To adore the conqueror, who now beholds Cherub and seraph rolling in the flood With scattered arms and ensigns, till anon His swift purauers from heaven-gates discern The advantage, and, descending, tread us down Thus drooping, or with linked thunderbolts Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf] — Awake, arise, or be forever fallen!
Mem- phis, out of whose ruins Cairo was built, was one of the oldest and lai-gest cities. Chivalry, cavalry. How so? Why so called? Wliich part of Egypt:? Abject Lat. Amazement, utter bewilderment, stupor. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. All Languages. More filters. Sort order. Nov 15, J. Alek B rated it it was ok Nov 21, Beth marked it as to-read Aug 04, Ambarwati added it Nov 23, Benjamin Thornton marked it as to-read Nov 25, Ray added it Nov 25, Gia marked it as to-read Dec 02, Brambleshadow of WindClan marked it as to-read Dec 11, Sozan added it Jan 10, Pure Textuality marked it as to-read Jan 12, Aina Syahirah added it Feb 02, Kim Marchand marked it as to-read Feb 11, As the Indians and the Kentiauk frontiersmen had suspected, and as some had feared, a colony of werewolves had, indeed, taken up residence in the abattoirs of St.
Suspicion arose again in the s, though this time it was confined to the plantations located nearest the busy abattoirs. Over a period of several months in and another cold winter plantation owners were complaining more frequently to the local constables regarding the disappearance of livestock—in particular, the valuable oxen used to plough the fields for planting the major crops of sugar and cotton.
Without the strength of those great beasts of burden, productivity, and in turn the harvest, was deeply impacted. Slaves, always considered a superstitious lot by their white masters, were whispering among themselves about the disappearance of the livestock; they had their own explanations, and their local rootworkers were busy trying to determine the true culprit behind the strange events. Then, one cold morning, news spread like wildfire from plantation to plantation of a strange event that allegedly had occurred at the abattoirs the night before.
Those around him insisted his previously graying hair had turned an even lighter shade. This was the dilapidated mansion of the old Countess, a reclusive Russian woman who everyone said had lost her mind shortly after her arrival here over a decade ago and who lived in the ramshackle remains of her plantation house with only her maid for company. In sunlight, the long alley of moss-hung oaks and the brace of dark pecan trees rustling over the fading whitewash of the melancholy old mansion had a storybook appeal, as if at any moment a princess would emerge upon the gallery surveying the distant river.
But when night fell, the place exuded an entirely different atmosphere; fog-shrouded starlight intermingled with the darkness under the trees, a foggy miasma floated from the land and lingered around the roadside. As Jerome approached the old plantation, the frosty stillness of the night seemed to draw in close; his breath, now heavy, hung in a moonlit mist about his head.
Thinking that whistling might help to lighten his uneasiness, Jerome broke out in a torrent of notes from nameless, half-remembered tunes. Sweat broke on his brow and the hairs on his neck began to rise as suddenly Jerome became aware of someone walking along the road ahead of him; Jerome was surprised to find it was a woman. She was small, slightly built, wearing a cloak and large bonnet against the cold, and Jerome noticed she carried a basket over her arm.
Still the woman made no reply. Jerome and the strange woman walked along in silence for what seemed an eternity. The trees grew closer in on either side of the road indicating that they had reached a less-traveled portion; a steady rise meant they were toiling up a low hill.
There, in a patch of wintry starlight where the trees were thinner, were the hulking forms of what Jerome at first mistook for dogs.
Taking a few steps closer, down the side of the low hill, it was clear to Jerome that these were like no dogs he had ever seen before. The cold, sobering realization came over Jerome that he was watching two huge wolves at work over some prey and at the same time he was aware that the strange woman had not slowed her pace, but was walking right toward the wolves. Then, for the first time since he had encountered her, she spoke. The voice was coming from the basket, and in the instant he realized this, Jerome watched the bonnet fall away revealing empty space where a head ought to have been!
Yet the head did not appear to be human. As soon as the creature revealed itself, the wolves in the road ahead became aware of it and stopped their eating. Standing guard over their prey—animal? Jerome could not tell—their hackles rose, their bloodied fangs glistened in the dim light, and they stood to their full werewolf height, ready to fight off the vampire creature.
Jerome escaped as quietly as he could from that horrible place and decided to head back to the still shack as quick as he could. Instead, he was met by a constable out on other business who apprehended him and took him to the nearest home, Highland.
Claws & Saucers: Introduction
Strangely, and unfortunately for Jerome, there was no evidence to be found of the event. Anything was preferable to what he had seen the previous night. As had happened during the Battle of New Orleans, the Civil War and the occupation of the city by Union forces did much to impede the livelihood of the Basquemen. Consequently, there were numerous reported sightings of large wolves in the distant areas of the parish, along with the disappearance and mutilation of livestock nearby. But unlike the Battle of New Orleans, the Civil War would bring lasting change to the economic and cultural landscape, in particular with the Emancipation Proclamation and the freeing of slaves.
A flood of new labor entered the local market, and in New Orleans especially this was exacerbated with the arrival of first the Irish and then the Sicilians offering a wide variety of cheap, skilled labor. The Basquemen could no longer hold their monopoly over the abattoirs; they suffered greatly through the great snowfalls of , and then the First World War.
Even the great Mississippi River seemed set to conspire against the Basques. Each year the waters encroached more and more upon the shoreline, eking away the batture little by little, eventually forcing the Basquemen to abandon their homes and move inland. It also produced a notable drop in the encounters with werewolves there for many years to come. A drop in sightings, but not an end; so it is entirely possible that some remnant of the butchering werewolves still haunts the old areas of St. In the great hall lay the pale, lifeless form of a young woman, the blood completely drained from her naked body.
A few steps away lay a girl sprawled grotesquely and pitiably on the floor. Her breasts had been slashed repeatedly, and she was unconscious from loss of blood. Chained to a pillar was another young woman who had been burned and savagely whipped to death. Hurrying to the dungeons below, the raiders found several dozen girls and young women, many of whom had been bled. Others had not yet been touched and were fattened and in good health—like domesticated animals awaiting slaughter.
It was on the second floor of the castle that the raiders surprised Countess Elisabeth Bathory, her guests, and members of the household in the midst of a drunken and depraved orgy. The raiding party, which consisted of the prime minister, the governor, a priest, and several soldiers and police, later said that the details of the loathsome bacchanal were too awful to be repeated.
Later, at her trial, it was charged that the blood of at least six hundred girls and young women stained the soul of Elisabeth Bathory, the Countess of Blood. In her vile cosmology, blood was the elixir of youth and a crucial element in black magic rituals. Elisabeth married Count Ferenc Nadasdy when she was only fifteen, but was already famous for her pale, almost translucent flesh, her raven black hair, sensual lips, and blazing eyes.
She was delighted when she discovered that the Count was a devotee of Witchcraft, sorcery, and the worship of Satan. The newlyweds had come into the world endowed with two of the most powerful names in Hungary. The Nadasdys were known as fierce warriors and harsh taskmasters. The Bathory bloodline combined psychosis and public service, cleverness and corruption, benevolence and brutality.
It is little wonder that Ferenc and Elisabeth soon devoted themselves to sophisticated sadism and princely perversions. Perhaps Elisabeth would have remained simply a jaded aristocrat of her times, dabbling in the black arts for amusement, if her well-matched mate had stayed at home. It was during one of these periods of loneliness, boredom, and aching frustration that the beautiful Countess turned to an even more intense study of Witchcraft.
She ordered her faithful Ilona Joo, who had been her nurse since childhood, to summon the most famous alchemists, Witches, and sorcerers to Castle Csejthe. And they came—strange creatures from the depths of the forest, werewolves, vampires, defrocked priests, demented alchemists, and those who practiced torture for pleasure. Although Elisabeth entered into a variety of diabolical studies with wild frenzy and abandon, the sexuality that had been aroused by the masterful Count Nadasdy grew even more frustrated, and she ran away for a time with a young nobleman who was reputed to be a vampire.
The Count understood the passions that inflamed his beautiful wife, and he eagerly forgave Elisabeth her unfaithfulness. It was after the death of Ferenc Nadasdy that Elisabeth began to notice with an ever-growing horror that the face famous throughout all Hungary for its beauty was beginning to display a few lines of aging. Desperately, she turned once again to Witchcraft to seek a potion that would restore her youth and loveliness.
One day a serving maid so angered her that she struck her violently and drew blood. Amazingly, her frenzied senses told her, where drops of blood from the wench had speckled her own flesh, the skin appeared to be softer, whiter, than it was before. She had stumbled upon the true formula for eternal youth: complete and regular submersion in the blood of a young maid.
For the next eleven years, the terrified peasants and villagers locked themselves in their houses after dark and listened in horror to the screams of anguish and tortured pain that drifted down to them from Castle Csejthe. From behind their curtained windows they watched with dread as the black carriage drawn by black horses descended from the castle to search for fresh victims. Not one of the girls and young women who were abducted ever managed to escape the castle alive.
The Countess of Blood kept her dungeons filled with girls who were fed like animals being fattened for the butcher. Elisabeth liked her victims to be plump, reasoning that stouter women would have healthier blood in their veins, thereby providing better properties of rejuvenation for her beauty baths. The Countess believed that the rubbing of towels on her delicate skin had a corrosive effect.
Hence, she required captive girls to lick the blood off her flesh after she emerged from the tub. If any girl displayed displeasure while engaged in the gruesome chore, she would be hideously tortured to death. The Countess herself grew to crave demonstrations of torture as a daily activity.
Her cruelly inventive mind devised countless devices by which to flay, burn, freeze, and bleed the captive girls. Rumors of such tortures and emphatic reports of large scale abductions of young women reached the ears of the authorities years before any action was taken. After all, Countess Elisabeth belonged to two wealthy and powerful families—Bathory and Nadasdy—and no one in Hungary dared to investigate the truth of such terrible charges and accusations.
Even the most loathsome and disgusting rumors had not prepared them for the hellish scenes they discovered. Elisabeth herself was walled up in her apartment in Castle Csejthe with only tiny slits for ventilation and the passing of food. Still strikingly beautiful and youthful at fifty, the Countess lived for four years without uttering a single word to her captors. Perhaps she could only hear the ghostly echoes of the screams of pain and the pleadings for mercy of her six hundred victims. Sources: Eisler, Robert. Man into Wolf. London: Spring Books, Hurwood, Bernardt J.
Vampires, Werewolves, and Ghouls. New York: Ace Books, Bear People I t requires little imagination to understand why the bear became a favorite totem animal wherever they coexisted in the same environment as primitive humans, and why so many clans claim direct descent from an ancestor who was originally a bear. Among all ancient people who encountered the bear and who left some kind of record of those meetings, the powerful, lumbering giant was held in the greatest respect as the one who knew all things, the one who could speak directly with the gods.
When the bear walks upright on its two hind feet, it appears very much like a stout, powerfully built man with short, bandy legs. When it moves through the forest on the hunt, it seems to saunter in a leisurely manner, confidently assured that no one will challenge its majesty. Among the old tribes of Northern Europe, the warriors known as the Berserkir wore bearskin shirts into battle in dedication to the Goddess Ursel, the She-Bear.
To the Vikings, the bear symbolized the lone champion, prepared to fight to the death in single combat against all odds. In these sagas, the child has a bear for one of his parents and acquires the strength of a bear to fight supernatural beings for the good of his people. Writer and researcher Paul Dale Roberts sent a contribution that tells of his meeting with a man who was part Chinook and Modoc Native American and who claimed to shape-shift into the form of a black bear. European, Asian, and Native American people share legends of heroes who are part human and part bear.
The somewhat human-like attributes of bears, such as their ability to stand on their hind paws, made them good material for werecreatures art by Ricardo Pustanio. She swiped my shoulder. I went home, the worst for wear. I was looking in the mirror and placing hydrogen peroxide antiseptic on my bleeding wound. It was bleeding profusely, and I was cussing underneath my breath, I was mad as hell and wanted to go back out there and kill that mother bear and her cubs. That is when it happened. My spirit guide, an Indian man from long ago, probably a shaman of sorts appeared in the mirror behind me.
He placed one hand on my shoulder, smiled and vanished. Before I knew it, I felt an inner peace. I no longer wanted to kill those bears. I looked into the mirror and my eyes changed, I had the eyes of a black bear, I looked again, and I had become a bear. Minash said that he could not change at will, but it happens on special occasions. For example: One time my friend was changing his car tire and somehow had his leg underneath his jacked up car and the jack got loose and the flat tire pinned his leg. He was screaming. All of a sudden, I shape-shifted into a black bear and lifted the car off his leg.
He looked at me and was astonished. He later told me that he saw me shape-shift into a black bear when I lifted the car. He said the shape-shift was only for a minute or so, enough time for me to lift up the car. He now thinks he was delirious during the time from the excruciating pain and imagined what he saw. Later, after his interview with Minash and Tana, Paul Dale Roberts considered the possibility that one could be a shape-shifter and move from a human body and transform into an animal: Could it be that somehow certain people have DNA molecules that interact with our own reality and on the atomic level interact with still another reality?
In one reality we are humans, and in an alternate reality, our molecules on the atomic level change—and we discover we are now an animal, such as a bear, wolf or even a bat. Perhaps ancient gifts from our ancient gods were once bestowed upon certain individuals. The DNA that these unique humans possess places them from our reality into another alternate reality, a reality that their ancestors are too familiar with. Energy cannot be destroyed, but it can be altered, so on the sub-atomic level, on the quantum level, our own bodies are pure energy and changing from a human to a werewolf should not be any kind of problem at all.
Of course these are my thoughts, my theories. Sources: Davidson, Ellis H. Gods and Myths of the Viking Age. Russell, Jeffrey Burton. Witchcraft in the Middle Ages. Curious as to what he might be doing on the shoulder of the road, she slowed down to take a closer look. Within the next few moments, she was astonished to see that the being spotlighted in the beams of her headlights was covered with fur, had a long, wolflike snout, fangs, pointed ears, and eyes that had a yellowish glow.
Lorianne sped off, thinking that the creature was so humanlike that it had to be some kind of freak of nature. Later, when she visited the library, she found a book with an illustration of a werewolf. She said that she was startled to see how much the classic monster of legend resembled the beast that she had seen that night on Bray Road right there in Elkhorn, Wisconsin. Doristine Gipson, another Elkhorn resident who sighted the creature on Bray Road, described it as having a large chest, like that of a weight lifter.
She was certain that she had not seen a large dog, but a humanlike creature that had a wide chest and was covered with long, brown hair. A twelve-year-old girl said that she had been with a group of friends walking near a snow-covered cornfield when they sighted what they believed to be a large dog. When they began to call it, it stared at them, then stood upright. As the children screamed in their alarm, the beast dropped back down on all fours and began running toward them. Fortunately for them, the monster suddenly headed off in another direction and disappeared.
I was also impressed by the fact that they all noticed a certain jeering cockiness from the creature as it made eye contact with them. Even when the witness is some distance away, he or she reports feeling almost more like the observed than the observer. And that is very unnerving to even the most macho, outdoorsy of the witnesses. I was also struck by the fact that the creature apparently was more interested in getting away than in harming anyone.
So if witnesses think there is something different enough about what they see that they are compelled to report it, I just put it down exactly as they tell it. I feel the more information we have, the easier it will be to see patterns. She was size, speed, posture, or even as some have reported, not the first to see the Beast of Bray Road art by telepathic communication!
Ricardo Pustanio. Or perhaps you are talking about the medieval notion of a human who is able to project an astral entity that looks like a wolf usually while the person is sound asleep that is able to roam the countryside, kill and eat people and which, if wounded, will transfer the wound to the corresponding area of the human body. However, I do consider the possibility. The Beast of Bray Road. The Beast of Bray Road movie, D irected by Leigh Slawner and featuring Jeff Denton, Thomas Downey, Sarah Lieving, and Joel Hebner, this is a kind of documentary with dramatized re-enactments and fictional characters to provide audience involvement.
The motion picture focuses on a local sheriff, who at first is highly skeptical of the reports of a werewolf in his jurisdiction. He slowly becomes a believer as he investigates a series of horrible deaths that appear to be caused by some unknown beast. As the film progresses, it links the fatal lupine attacks to a fierce predator that possesses the DNA of both human and wolf.
Although Lyons and Toulouse are populous cities, the outlying area is sparsely settled. In the s, rural residents of the area were terrorized by a werewolf that allegedly killed hundreds of people during a bloody three-year reign of bestial butchery.
Drive-By (Shewolf #1) by J.D. Simpson
Outlying farms were abandoned as the monster preyed upon the peasants. Entire villages were deserted as the beast moved boldly into these communities in search of new victims. The creature was described as a hairy beast that walked upright on two legs. Its face was sworn to be like that of Satan, and its entire body was said to be covered with dark, bristly hair. Deep claw marks on the bodies of its victims indicated that the monster sucked blood from the corpses.
On the night of January 15, , a blizzard raged in the mountains. When his fifteen-year-old son did not return from tending sheep, Pierre Chateauneuf lit a torch and went in search of the boy. The horrified father discovered the mutilated body of his son near the bawling flock. He laid the pitiful corpse on the plank-wood floor of his home, covered the form with a quilt, and slumped sorrowfully into a chair. It was then, Chateauneuf later told the authorities, that he saw the beast staring at him through a window.
The angry farmer dashed to a wall, pulled down a musket and fired point-blank at the creature. Chateauneuf testified later that as he reloaded the musket and ran outside, he saw the beast running across the snow toward his orchard. The frightened, grieving farmer heard the howl of the wind, saw the giant footprints being erased in the drifting snow, and, reluctantly, returned to his home.
He knew that it would have been death to follow the creature into the mountains. Pourcher said that he fired at the monster, but he was trembling too much from fear to be an accurate marksman. Five days later, several children were playing in a field outside the village of Chamaleilles. Little Jean Panafieux dashed into some brush for concealment during a game of hide-and-seek and found himself confronted by the beast.
Andre Portefaix, a young farmer, grabbed a pitchfork and stabbed viciously at the werewolf. Other men from the village soon joined Portefaix, and, with clubs and stones, they drove the beast back into the surrounding hills. After the soldiers had left the region, the murderous rampage of the beast increased with savage fury. Parish records reveal daily attacks by the monster, who seemed to choose housewives and children as its principal victims.
As dusk deepened into darkness, the monster charged its pursuers and was shot down. Jean Chastel was given credit for the kill. He happened to glance up from his devotions and saw the beast coming directly toward him, walking erect. Chastel said that he had prepared himself according to certain ancient traditions. His double-barreled musket was loaded with bullets made from a silver chalice that had been blessed by a priest.
It let out a fierce howl and charged its attacker. The werewolf dropped dead at his feet, the silver bullet in its heart. Some researchers have argued that the beast was some type of rare leopard, others a wild boar with deadly tusks and tough, dark bristles. Chastel himself described his trophy as possessing peculiar feet, pointed ears, and a body completed covered with coarse, dark hair. The general consensus among the members of the hunting party claimed that the beast was a true werewolf, half-human and half-wolf. It is known for certain that the carcass of a large wolf was paraded through the streets of several villages in the area as proof that the terrible beast had truly been killed.
Abbe Pourcher of St. Martin de Bourchauz parish in the mountains recorded statements from those people who had encountered the beast and survived its attack. He also interviewed members of the posse that had slain the creature. He also noted that certain rumors had it that a large wolf carcass had been paraded through the village streets because the actual beast had been too terrible to display. And cemetery and municipal records attest to the hundreds of people who were killed by the murderous monster—whether werewolf, wolf, or whatever. Sources: Hurwood, Bernhardt J.
Terror by Night. New York: Lancer Books, Armstrong, and L. Jones, and directed by Philippe Mora, a woman is sexually assaulted by an evil spirit. She then gives birth to a son who provides a new fleshly home for the entity. Writer Tom Holland adapted the screenplay from a novel by Edward Levy. The version most familiar to contemporary audiences is that recorded by Madame Le Prince de Beaumont in her Magasin des Enfans Beauty is the youngest of three daughters of a merchant who is traveling away from home in a desperate effort to reestablish his failing business.
While on his journey, he is caught in a terrible storm and seeks refuge in a castle. During his stay, he is provided with all the blessings of hospitality, but he sees no one. Before he left home, the two oldest daughters begged for elegant gowns and expensive gifts, but all Beauty wished from her father was a rose.
Surely, he imagines, no one could object to his taking just one rose from the garden. The enraged Beast suddenly appears, prepared to slay the merchant for such a breach of etiquette. If this demand is not met, Beast will hunt him down and kill him. She is granted her wish that she return to visit her father for only one week. The weeks go by, and Beauty stays with her father until she has a vision in which she sees that Beast is dying. While there is no folklore that suggests a werewolf can be redeemed by the love of virtuous maiden, the tale could represent love and compassion as antidotes for the bestial impulses within all humans.
In certain regions of the Middle East, Beast is a boar, complete with large, curved tusks. Among some African tribes, he is a crocodile. Sources: Gaskell, G. Dictionary of All Scriptures and Myths. Avenel, NJ: Gramercy Books, Hazlitt, W. Beauty and the Beast movie, T here have been several film versions of Beauty and the Beast.
The Embassy version shot in France, is the classic fairy tale of a man transformed into a werewolf by a curse and redeemed by love was made into a brilliant motion picture by Jean Cocteau. A version of Beauty and the Beast, was directed by Edward L. Starring Eduard Franz, Mark Damon, Joyce Taylor, and Michael Pate, it is a retelling of the classic fairy tale in which a prince is afflicted by werewolfism on the nights of the full moon.
George C. Scott was nominated for an Emmy for his interpretation of the Beast. Beaver People T he Osage tribe has a legend that until Wabashas, the first human, was created, the Great Spirit had appointed the beaver to be chief over the birds, beasts, and fish. In fact, Chief Beaver would offer Wabashas the hand of his lovely daughter in marriage to cement their friendship. In the eyes of the Osage, and perhaps all the tribes of the Northeast, the beavers in their streams were the Little Wise People.
The industrious creatures built their communities of lodges and kept to themselves and provided great healing powers whenever the tribes had need of their medicine. For the shamans of many tribes, the beaver serves as a familiar, a spirit being that accompanies them on journeys out of the body. Sources: Emerson, Ellen Russell. Indian Myths. Gaskell, G. Becoming a Werewolf T here are two basic ways by which one might become a werewolf: voluntary and involuntary. According to the ancient Greeks, any skilled sorcerers who so chose could become a werewolf.
Others tell of inhaling or imbibing certain potions. Magical texts advise those who wish to become a werewolf to disrobe, rub a magical ointment freely over their flesh, place a girdle made of human or wolf skin around their waist, then cover their entire body with the pelt of a wolf. To accelerate the process, they should drink beer mixed with blood and chant a particular magical formula.
Some werewolves claimed to have achieved their shape-shifting ability by having drunk water from the paw print of a wolf. Once this had been accomplished, they ate the brains of a wolf and slept in its lair. One ancient text prescribes a ritual for the magician who is eager to become a shape-shifter. He is told to wait until the night of a full moon, then enter the forest at midnight. Then, according to the instructions: Draw two concentric circles on the ground, one six feet in diameter, the other fourteen feet in diameter.
Build a fire in the center of the inner circle and place a tripod over the flames. Bring the water to a full boil and throw into the pot a handful each of aloe, hemlock, poppy seed, and nightshade. As the ingredients are being stirred in the iron pot, call aloud to the spirits of the restless dead, the spirits of the foul darkness, the spirits of the hateful, and the spirits of werewolves and satyrs. Once the summons for the various spirits of darkness have been shouted into the night, the person who aspires to become a werewolf should strip off all of his clothing and smear his body with the fat of a freshly killed animal that has been mixed with anise, camphor, and opium.
The next step is to take the wolf skin that he has brought with him, wrap it around his middle like a loincloth, then kneel down at the boundaries of the large circle and remain in that position until the fire dies out. When this happens, the power that the disciple of darkness has summoned should make its presence known to him. If the magician has done everything correctly, the dark force will announce its presence by loud Modern stories about werewolves usually involve shrieks and groans.
By far the most familiar involuntary manner in which one becomes a werewolf is to be bitten or scratched by such a creature. Another involuntary means of becoming a werewolf, according to some old traditions, is to be born on Christmas Eve. Thus, those born on that night are condemned to be werewolves unless they prove themselves to be pious beyond reproach in all thoughts, words, and deeds throughout their lifetimes. Being Human television series, — Joshua L. Roberts B eing Human is a British supernatural drama revolving around the lives of Mitchell a vampire , George a werewolf , and Annie a ghost.
The series was written and created by Toby Whithouse, and the original pilot first aired on February 18, Due to its smart writing, fantastic acting, and liberal use of practical effects over CGI, Being Human became a huge success in the United Kingdom, and produced an eager cult following in the United States. The American version follows the same overall story as the British version, and it is currently being aired on SyFy in the United States and Space in Canada. Berserks S ince earliest times, more levelheaded persons have observed that when a man becomes absolutely filled with rage, he is no longer quite human.
Either the beast within or some other supernatural power has now endowed the angered, raging man with more strength and more deadly determination to work harm against his enemy than he had before he became so angry, so berserk. Among the old tribes of northern Europe, the warriors known as the Berserks in Old Norse, Berserkir were so filled with the savage joy of battle that they tossed aside their armor and wore only bearskin shirts into battle in dedication to the Goddess Ursel, the She-Bear.
To the Germanic tribes, the bear was a masterful martial artist, and the angered she-bear protecting her cubs was the most formidable challenge a warrior could ever face. The oldest reference to berserks is in a poem composed to honor the Norwegian king Harald Fairhair after his victory at Hafrsfjord about They bit their shields and were stronger than bears or bulls.
They killed many men but they themselves were unharmed either by fire or by iron; this is what is called berserksgangr berserk-fury. Simek, Rudolf. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. When Bertrand was arrested for the heinous crimes that shocked Paris in , his fellow soldiers were stunned. It seemed incomprehensible to them that their twenty-five-year-old comrade could be the monster that had profaned the sanctity of Parisian graveyards.
In the eyes of his friends Bertrand was intelligent, lucid, handsome, and sensitive. If anything, he was rather delicate and unusually quiet for a professional soldier. Bertrand himself was of little help in analyzing the gruesome nature of his crimes. He could only say that he had been driven by forces beyond his control.
He was powerless to disobey the awful compulsion that bid him dig up the newly dead and tear at their flesh with his sword, his bare hands, and his teeth. As soon as he could slip out of the military barracks, he would make his way to a cemetery where he would dig at the unsettled soil of a fresh grave. Once he had exhumed the corpse, he would strike at it with his sword until he had slashed the body to shreds. This terrible deed of desecration and mutilation accomplished, he would experience a release that would immediately free him of the throbbing headache and the other physical symptoms.
On one occasion, while walking with a comrade, Bertrand sighted a freshly dug grave in a cemetery and immediately began to suffer the agony of his private torment. Nervously he tried to make carefree conversation with his companion, but his thoughts kept returning to the newly dug plot in the little cemetery. He knew that he must return to it that night. In order to leave the military camp without been seen, he had to swim a wide ditch in which huge chunks of ice bobbed. In order to enter the cemetery, he was forced to scale a high wall.
But to Bertrand, in the trancelike obsession of his private curse, the bitter cold and the physical obstacles were not a problem.
When he was finally captured after a night of indulging his ghoulish passions, Bertrand told his captors that he was completely unable to explain his actions.