Paperback , pages. Published May 28th by Orion Publishing first published More Details Original Title. Other Editions 4. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about The Circle , please sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3.
Rating details. Sort order. Jan 11, penelopewanders rated it it was ok.
Pretty disappointing after the other Morley I read. Maybe Morley is a guy pretending to guess what should work for women? Both books have been with a female narrator Whatever, it doesn't work for me. View all 4 comments. This book was too graphic for me. I'm not into people being pissed on. There was way more sex between girls then I had anticipated.
I won' t be reading the rest of the series. It wasn't hot ,sexy, or fun. View 1 comment. There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
About N. Peterhans et al. These cells correspond to elongated receptive fields on the retina and can fire selectively for both length and orientation of stimulus.
Activity in spatially separated, end-stopped cells may trigger a gating mechanism, allowing for communication between neurons at previously inactive synapses. Bressan et al. Friedman et al. However, none of these explanations are close to being a complete theory—and indeed are still somewhat controversial.
Filling-in of the uncontroversial sort has been documented in laboratory conditions — if a subject is presented with the stimulus of a green disc surrounded by a red annulus, and the green region is retinally fixed moves with the eye , the subject may report that they see only a red disc Krauskopf This is because retinally fixed stimuli will fade from the visual field due to neural adaptation see the entries for Troxler Effect and Negative Afterimages.
In this case, the green disc has been filled in by the surrounding red, in a process similar to the filling-in of the blind spot which is inherent in the anatomy of the human eye. We may call this kind of documented phenomena, 'experiential filling-in'.
This is posited as one explanation for the experiential filling-in described above. In neural filling-in the brain actively generates information which is triggered by an absence of information. The account of Friedman et al.
Philosopher and cognitive scientist Daniel Dennett has attacked the idea of neural filling-in Dennett , arguing that it presupposes a passive conscious observer embodied within the brain who is receiving information from the visual pathway as though viewing an image on a cinema screen the homunculus fallacy. Dennett considers this picture to be false and to be inherent in any suggestion that there is a neural-perceptual isomorphism , which means a kind of abstract form-preserving map between the pattern of neural activity and the organized perceptual experience.
Dennett makes the case that the neural substrate or basis supporting visual conscious experience is in fact distributed and transient in the brain. In short, experiential filling-in need not require neural filling-in. However, Dennett's idea is highly controversial. See Myin and de Nul for a survey of experimental research suggesting that visual perceptions must indeed match neural activity isomorphically, and that neural filling-in does in fact take place.
Bressan, P. Mingolla, L.
Thomas Parker WilliamsThomas Parker Williams
Spillmann, T. Watanabe, Dennett, D. Prick and D. Friedman, H. Zhou, Pessoa and P. Krauskopf, J. Myin, E. De Nul, Bayne, A.