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He was totally dedicated to Coventry City. He could talk about football for hours on end and had lovely stories of the characters from the game in the s and 60s. He never had a bad word to say about anyone and was a lovely man. A true gentleman. Ken was born at Blyth in Northumberland in September and joined Everton as an apprentice on leaving school in His stay on Merseyside was short and he soon returned home when Newcastle, the club he had supported as a boy, wanted to sign him.

A talented goal-scoring inside-forward, Ken made his first-team debut at White Hart Lane as an year old at Christmas He combined his football career with an apprenticeship as an electrician with the National Coal board. It was only in , after Newcastle had been relegated to Division Two, that Ken got a longer run in the first team scoring seven goals in 11 games playing alongside such luminaries as Ivor Allchurch and Ken Leek.

In total he scored 16 goals in 35 games for the Magpies. Blond-haired Ken made his bow for City at Notts County on 15 December , replacing Hugh Barr in a draw, but his appearances were restricted by an Achilles injury in that weather-battered season that saw the Sky Blues reach the FA Cup sixth round. The following season Hale was first-choice at inside-forward and netted 16 league goals, 13 of them before the turn of the year, as City marched to the Third Division title.

His understanding with winger Willie Humphries and centre-forward George Hudson seemed telepathic at times and he was undoubtedly one of the best players in the division that season. Ken did not look out of place in Division Two and netted nine goals in 32 games as City consolidated their position in the higher league and in January he was the architect of their remarkable victory over Newcastle, the then league leaders. He scored a penalty and had a hand in most of the goals against his favourite team. In his form dipped and along with Ernie Machin he became a target of unwarranted barracking from some sections of the Highfield Road crowd.

He joined Darlington in May and made almost appearances for the Quakers over five seasons before joining Halifax as a player-coach. In he was appointed manager of Hartlepool where he stayed for two and a half years. They had two sons and a daughter with eight grandchildren. He played as an amateur for Enfield and Tufnell Park in the s before becoming a football administrator first with the South East Counties League, and later as assistant secretary with Tottenham Hotspur during their golden period of the early 60s.

In he was seconded to the World Cup organisation and was liaison officer to the successful England team. He replaced Paul Oliver as secretary at Highfield Road and during his time with the Sky Blues he saw the side win promotion to Division One as well as overseeing the building of two new stands and an increase in season-ticket sales from 5, to 11, After the Main Stand burned down in March , Alan rallied the troops and somehow got the ground in a fit state for the visit of Manchester United ten days later dealing with all of the ticketing and other challenges with a cool head. He never really settled in the Midlands, however, and in the club released him and soon afterwards he became secretary at Crystal Palace with whom he had a long and successful career.

The Association is very sorry to report the passing of former Bantams defender Bill y Gray last week. A skilful wing-half, Billy got his chance in October as a stand-in for the injured Don Dorman but after just two appearances was back in the reserves. Born in Guernsey along with Ron, the brothers were one of the few professional footballers to have come out of the Channel Islands. He then spent three seasons at Nottingham Forest, along with Ron, eventually making 58 first team appearances between the sticks between He had signed for non-league Brush Sports in Loughborough when Oldham Athletic came in for him in summer but he only had five first team outings for the Boundary Park club by the time he joined Worcester City for the season.

Billy was persuaded to take a look at Bill as potential additional goalkeeping cover for the awesome Arthur Lightening and therefore brought him to Highfield Road in August In total he made well over appearances for the Club before moving on to Notts. County in , later returning to Highfield Road in a coaching capacity. Ron at 78 still remains a very active member of the Association and we extend our sincere sympathies to him for his loss.

Don Bennett, who died in June, grew up in an era when outstanding sportsmen could play more than one sport at the top levels. The Association was very sad to hear the news. A prodigious cricketer in his youth in West London Don joined the Lords groundstaff on leaving school and at the age of 16 made his first-class debut for Middlesex.

He went on to make almost appearances for the county over 18 seasons as a right-handed middle order batsman and medium fast bowler. He made his City debut on the wing in a home win over Bournemouth but soon moved back to become first-choice right-back as City went close to promotion in his first season. Don always started the season late owing to his cricket commitments and was never photographed in the pre-season team picture but apart from the first half dozen or so games of the season he was a regular until early , making 77 appearances. After retiring from cricket in he became a coach, and was responsible for a very successful Middlesex first XI until , later becoming the club President.

Don did not become a member of the Association. It is sad to report the death this week of former Coventry City player Gordon Nutt. Gordon, a home-grown player, played 82 games for the club between , scoring 11 goals. Sadly he was one of the many good young players sold by the club to balance the finances in that era. Gordon was a skilful right-winger who loved to take on his full-back and have a crack at goal. He was one of a number of outstanding youngsters being groomed by the club for the future. His team-mates like Reg Matthews, Frank Austin, Lol Harvey, Peter and Jimmy Hill and Ray Sambrook could have formed the nucleus of the club for ten years but sadly the majority were later sold to bigger clubs.

However at Christmas with Warner injured Gordon was given his first team debut and scored in a home defeat to Blackburn. With Gordon called up for his National Service with the Army. Army duties however restricted his appearances for City and his opportunities were few and far between. He failed to fulfil his potential at NinianPark however and after 17 games and three goals he was on the move again.

Within hours of signing Gordon made his Arsenal debut in a defeat at Sunderland but a week later scored the winning goal in a home victory over Aston Villa. Over the next five years he made 51 appearances including the famous defeat by Manchester United just a few days before the Munich disaster when he faced his old army friend Tommy Taylor.

He also used his contacts with English football to send talented Tasmanians for trials with Arsenal and other clubs. He returned to Coventry in for the first time for many years and attended the Legends Day where despite suffering from dementia he enjoyed the company of many old colleagues. Described by everyone who met him as a true gentleman, Gordon is survived by his wife Jennifer and son Asher. He also has two surviving sisters, one of whom Shirley Shakespeare still lives in Birmingham and helped me with information about Gordon. Born in Derby he attended NormantonJuniorSchool where he towered above his class-mates.

Joining NottsCounty as a year old apprentice he was converted to a centre-forward after netting five goals in a reserve game and soon after scored on his first team debut. In he was paired up-front with another young striker, Jeff Astle and between them they netted 30 goals in the final 25 games. As a result he scored only six league goals but did score the winning goal what else but a header as Chelsea beat Leeds in the FA Cup semi final at Villa Park. The prodigal son had returned to Meadow Lane and over 21,, more than double the average crowd, watched his debut.

His scoring touch returned and he netted 23 goals as County won the Fourth Division title. His career record was as follows:. Last Saturday evening I received the sad news that former City player Gerry Baker had passed away earlier that day at the age of During their time on Merseyside, his younger brother Joe was born and the two brothers both had outstanding football careers.

He returned to Scotland later that year suffering from homesickness, and was quickly snapped up by his home town team of Motherwell. A move to St. Mirren in early kick-started his career and he scored on his debut in a win over a Hibs side which contained his brother Joe. He also helped the Saints to the Scottish Cup final, scoring seven goals en route, and then netted the third goal in the clubs final win over Aberdeen at Hampden. The following season, Gerry made history by scoring an incredible ten goals in a Scottish Cup tie against Glasgow University, which St Mirren won Unbelievably brother Joe scored nine against Peebles Rovers for Hibs a year later.

He was unable to stop Ipswich being relegated from Division One that season but was a regular at Portman Road for four seasons scoring 58 goals in games. He made his debut in a disastrous home defeat to Fulham which sent the team to the foot of the table. Fellow Scot Ernie Hannigan made his debut the same day. Gerry netted his first goal for City in a home draw with West Ham on a snow-bound pitch with his speed unnerving the normally calm Bobby Moore.

Gerry was small for a striker but he was good in the air. His real strength however was in his speed and finishing. He scored further goals at home to Liverpool, Newcastle and Charlton but his most memorable goal came in a home win over Chelsea in February City trailed the high-flying Londoners at half time but Gerry headed an equaliser before Hannigan clinched a vital win with a searing shot.

The following season he lost his place to Ernie Hunt and made only 11 appearances scoring a solitary goal, against Newcastle at home. That season he did however make himself available for the U. His first cap came in a 4—2 World Cup qualifying defeat to Canada on 17 October Over the next month, Gerry started six games with the U. His final first team game for Coventry came in September when deputising for the injured Hunt he won one of two penalties in a draw with Crystal Palace.

The following month he joined Brentford on loan where he scored two goals in eight games before being released by the Sky Blues at the end of the season. In total he played 34 games and scored six goals. Gerry then signed as a player-manager with Southern League Margate, but was limited by several injuries, first a dislocated shoulder in August , then broken ribs in the November.

Despite these injuries, Gerry played a total of 48 games 16 goals before leaving the club in September After retiring from professional football Gerry worked for Jaguar Cars in Coventry, and took up golf. His late wife Ann was a champion sprinter in her heyday, and daughters, Karen and Lorraine, were both international athletes. National service delayed his league debut until he was 23 years old but over four years he was a regular goal scorer in an unimpressive Gunners side.

In he scored 31 goals and formed a formidable partnership with Joe Baker, the pair netting 62 goals between them. Arsenal were going through a period of transition and were not in the hunt for honours. Geoff was ambitious and in sought a transfer. A year later Geoff was a member of the League Championship winning side but missed out on a European Cup Winners Cup final through injury sustained in the semifinal against Celtic when, despite limping with his injury, he scored a stunning headed goal to win the tie. Over six seasons at Anfield he played almost games and in virtually every position before finally settling at left back.

Strong made an inauspicious debut in central defence at Nottingham Forest in a defeat but quickly developed a good understanding with Jeff Blockley. The defence however was the strong part of the team, conceding just 38 league goals, a club record which still stands. He later returned to the side at left-back. At the end of , aged 35, he decided to retire. In a poll to find players who shook the Kop, Geoff was voted in at number In his first season at the Windmill Ground he captained the Brakes to the Midland League title. Jimmy was even more famous in non-league circles for his management feats with AP Leamington in the s and VS Rugby in the s.

Dave Sexton, who passed away last Sunday aged 82, will be remembered as one of the outstanding manager-coaches of his generation. In his two-year stay at the club he helped the development of a golden generation of City players and left the club a fine legacy. He was a good lower division player whose only honour was a Third Division championship medal with Brighton in His best period as a player was probably at Upton Park where he was a member of a group who immersed themselves in football coaching and tactics.

All were destined to become top managers. Successful coaching at Fulham and Arsenal where he was promoted to assistant manager under Bertie Mee enhanced his reputation in the capital and when Chelsea sacked Docherty in October he was handed the Stamford Bridge job. For a time Chelsea were the most attractive side in the country. In Chelsea finished third in the league and won an epic, engrossing and ill-tempered FA Cup final against Leeds United, after a replay which was watched by 28 million people on television.

In February of that year they gave a dazzling display at Highfield Road, beating one of the best City teams of all-time, After losing the League Cup final to Stoke City,Chelsea went into decline, hampered by the cost of their ill-conceived ground developments and wranglings between Sexton and some players.

He was sacked by Chelsea in but within weeks he was appointed manager at Queens Park Rangers. Espousing his football philosophy he developed a side that was unlucky not to win the League Championship in — they were pipped by a point by Liverpool on the final day. He got the best out of talented players such as Gerry Francis, Don Masson and Stan Bowles with an exciting attacking brand of football.

Dave was a keen fan of Dutch total-football and would often fly to Holland at his own expense to watch games and learn. In he resigned from QPR and was on the verge of rejoining Arsenal as coach when Manchester United persuaded him to replace Docherty again. In he was sacked by United, despite the Reds winning their last seven games of the season. Jimmy Hill persuaded him to come to Coventryto take over from Gordon Milne who moved upstairs. His first game in charge for the Sky Blues was against United and he tactically out-thought his successor, Ron Atkinson, to give City a win.

His first season in charge went well until Christmas then City picked up just three points in twelve games including a home defeat to NottsCounty. However, just as things were at their blackest, and fans wondered where the next league win was going to come from, City mounted a tremendous revival. He made me a much better player by concentrating on the smallest parts of my game as well as encouraging me to watch the best players in my position — he had us watching videos of the best players in the world in the early 80s.

After I left City it was like going back into the dark ages. In his second season with gates falling under 10, he had to survive with a squad of players. They survived by the skin of their teeth but Sexton was sacrificed for the return of Bobby Gould much to the disgust of his young players. Whilst at Coventry he also managed the England Under side to victory in the European Championship and continued in that role for several years, winning the trophy again in , as well as being assistant manager of the England team under Bobby Robson.

Away from football he was a fascinating character, relishing other aspects of life, taking an Open University degree in philosophy during his fifties, appreciating modern poetry and art, and being receptive to new ideas. His love of sport even extended to American Football and I am told had a fascination for the tactics and plays. He continued to live inKenilworth where, in , a building was named in his honour. Sadly in latter years dementia took its toll. Dave Sexton was an unassuming and highly intelligent man, always placing the greatest emphasis on technique and progressive football rather than the long ball and a big boot.

He never sacrificed those principles. Iain Jamieson, who recently died in Scotland aged, 84, juggled careers in football and business, achieving great success in both fields. He is unique in having been a Coventry City player as well as a director and, for one momentous year, chairman of the club. Simultaneously he rose through the ranks of textile company Courtaulds to become one of its managing directors.

The Dumbarton-born son of a Glasgow shipyard electrician, his talents on the pitch were first evident at Dumbarton Academy where he also excelled in the classroom. In Iain won a place at Aberdeen University to read modern languages and had ambitions of becoming a school-teacher. He was approached by Aberdeen FC and agreed to play as a part-time professional to help fund his studies. It was during his time in the services that he flourished as a footballer, playing in Army teams with stars of the age such as Ivor Allchurch, Bobby Johnstone and Harold Hassall.

During that period he witnessed a horrifying incident when two of his fellow players were killed in a lightning strike. The tragedy, in April , happened during a re-play of the Army Cup Final at the military barracks at Aldershot. As it transpired Iain made the right choice. He quickly settled down in Coventryand soon became established as a firm crowd favourite. His debut was against Leeds United at Highfield Roadon15 January and Iain, playing at inside-right, scored in a victory.

Over the next five seasons Iain, whilst a regular for the reserves, was unable to become a first-team regular and played only 37 first team games. On a number of occasions he captained the side. He was a clever man and the banter in the dressing room between him and his good friend Eddy Brown was amusing to us working-class boys. Iain was a great help to me and the younger boys at the club and nothing was ever too much trouble to him.

Iain was determined however to secure a future beyond football, and he decided to further his academic studies and attended Coventry College whilst pursuing his career on the pitch.

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In his professional football career ended when he left City after appearances and 6 goals, although he went on to spend a spell as player-manager, on a part-time basis, for Southern League side Rugby Town. In his business career he was quickly on the promotion ladder rising swiftly through the ranks to become the general manager of Courtaulds commercial division,. It was a difficult time for the club with severe financial problems following the introduction of the all-seater stadium in and losses from the investments in the NASL at Detroit and Washington and virtually the whole first team squad out of contract.

I was manager at Bristol Rovers at the time and we had a clandestine meeting in a field near Banbury at which we agreed terms. We only worked together for a year until John Poynton bought the club, but he was incredibly supportive to me. I had watched him play from theHighfield Road terraces and admired his elegance as a footballer.

He understood football, something rare in football boardrooms and he was very kind to me in a stressful year at Coventry. There was never any histrionics from Iain and he was a true gentleman who was a great representative of Coventry City Football Club. In his year as chairman he is credited with re-establishing strong links with the fans and the people of Coventryafter a period during which many believed that those links had been severely stretched. He left the City board in and continued his career in the textile industry until retiring in He ended his working life as managing director of Sperrin Group, sports clothing.

A Rotarian and keen follower of current affairs, his lifetime love of sport was undimmed and also extended to golf which, at one time, he played off a handicap of six. Married three times, to Ann Storer, Ann Hansen and Jane Shaw, he spent his last few years in Dumfries and Galloway, latterly in Kirkcudbright, where he is remembered as a good humoured and engaging conversationalist. It is sad to report the death of former Coventry City player Stan Smith who passed away last Saturday at the age of Born in Coventryon 24 February Stan attended South Street School and Cheylesmore School and was a talented rugby player as well as excelling at the round ball game.

In , aged 17, whilst playing for Nuffield Mechanisation, he was spotted by a Coventry City scout and invited to play a couple of wartime games for the club. He was on board the American-built aircraft carrier HMS Nabob on escort duties in the North Atlantic escorting troop and cargo convoys. In spite of a further attack by the same U-boat she managed to steam into Scapa Flow under her own power, however the ship was judged not worth repairing and was decommissioned.

In particular she provided air support in the Andaman Sea hunting the cruiser Haguro, one of the last surviving major Japanese warships, which was eventually sunk off Sumatra trying to return to Singapore. HMS Hunter entered Singapore harbour on September 10th and Stan fondly told the story that he was the telegraphist who took the message that the Japanese had surrendered and was given the honour of personally informing the captain.

On demob from the Navy Stan signed professional forms with City but could not break into the first team owing to the form of right-half Jack Snape. His cousin Rob tells me that Stan told the story of his meeting with Shackleton, one of the most talented players of the period. Stan only made four appearances the following season but was a regular in a strong reserve team until when he joined Swansea Town. In early however he was back in the Coventry area and signing for Nuneaton Borough. Over the next four years he made around appearances for Borough and he was captain of the side that pulled off a major FA Cup shock in , defeating Third Division Watford It is believed he may have played for Bedworth Town after this time.

He also qualified as a physiotherapist and ran a practice from his home for many years as well as continuing his involvement with local football. He leaves a widow Stella. Ernie made appearances for the Sky Blues, scoring 39 goals and will be remembered for taking over the club captaincy from another legend George Curtis in when George suffered a broken leg.

Hill recognised something special about Ernie. He played alongside new signing, fellow Lancastrian George Hudson in a win over Millwall. Despite playing just six games the previous campaign Ernie was the first choice in the number 10 shirt from the start of the season and was outstanding as the team raced to the top of the Third Division and threatened to clinch promotion in a record time.

He ended up having several operations and it was eighteen months before he was fully recovered. He missed only three games in those first two years of struggle and older fans will remember his stunning goal in the victory over European champions elect Manchester United in March His never-say-die attitude won him the respect of all his playing colleagues and the fans. In he became the first English football player to successfully challenge a fine and suspension by the Football Association in the courts.

He was sent off in a game at Newcastle for allegedly kicking an opponent, however TV evidence showed that he was innocent; nevertheless the FA noticed something else which he had done and upheld the disciplinary action on the basis of that without allowing him to present a defence. The courts ruled against the FA, and the PFA subsequently established the rights of players to legal representation in disciplinary cases. He had ten great years atHighfield Roadmaking appearances and scoring 39 goals and but for injury would have reached the mark.

After eighteen happy months at Plymouthwhere he helped them to promotion and became a cult hero, he had two years at Brighton. The epithet Legend is a word used too often about mediocre players in the hyperbole-driven modern media however Ernie Machin was a true Coventry City Legend.

The Association is very sad to report the passing yesterday 12th July of Association member and popular centre forward for C. Eddy Brown. Preston born Eddy died in a home-town nursing home after a short illness aged Cup matches before being controversially sold to local rivals Birmingham in October precipitating the departure of City manager Jack Fairbrother.

Eddy became a firm favourite at St. Andrews scoring 74 times in league appearances and 16 in 27 other games before finishing his top class playing career with Leyton Orient from and then becoming player-manager of non league Scarborough from Eddy was also associated with Stourbridge, Bedworth Town and Wigan Athletic before finally retiring from the game in However, in more recent years Eddy invested much time and expertise assisting a local football team — Broughton Amateurs. He will be greatly missed by many professionals and administrators in the football game as well as the many older fans who remember seeing him play such an all action and effective centre forward game.

It is sad to report the death at the age of 73 of former CoventryCityplayer Barry Lowes. He played just three games for the Sky Blues before being sold that summer toSwindonTown. Barrow-born Barry showed his sporting prowess in his school years, representing Barrow Technical College at soccer, rugby, cricket and athletics. After school he played football for Holker Central Old Boys and while his pace meant he had the opportunity to sign for Barrow RL, he stuck to football and caught the eye of Barrow manager Ron Staniforth, the former England full back, who signed him after a couple of trial games.

He made his debut for Barrow, then a Football League, in early and was soon a regular and his blistering pace caused problems for many a Fourth Division defence. In season he scored in seven consecutive league games and started attracting the interest of bigger clubs. He did however achieve a childhood dream of training with the legendary Stanley Matthews, who despite having left Blackpool still trained there.

In the summer of he moved to Workington where he played under legendary manager Ken Furphy and 34 goals in games convinced Bury to sign him in When John Key injured his ankle in March and looked to be out for the season Hill wanted a replacement and swooped on Gigg Laneto sign the Cumbrian. He played quite well in his debut at Northampton but the following week against Bolton he had a stinker against Sid Farrimond, the one full-back who always gave him a really hard time. Disaster struck in his first game for Swindon against Brighton.

He suffered a serious knee injury after a nasty challenge from a young full-back called George Dalton, later to become the Sky Blues trainer. The injury ended his career and he returned to Barrow to work as an electrician on the submarines in Barrow shipyard. He did turn out for Barrow in their early non-league years and still possessed a good turn of speed. In latter years sea fishing became his hobby. He passed away on 8 May after a short illness. Jack Evans R. After leaving City in he had a long and successful career in local non-league football, playing at a high standard until the age of He died suddenly after being taken ill on the golf course at Maxstoke Park last Sunday morning.

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Born in Coventry on 11 March , Jack was just too young to be called up for World War 2 but did his National Service in the army just after hostilities ended and was an accomplished glider pilot. He was signed by City after he wrote in asking for a trial and impressed the management staff. He was getting changed in the dressing room before the kick-off and the tannoy announcer gave the team changes. Jack however had the last laugh, scoring the only goal of the game against the side who would be promoted later that month. Lionhearted, not knowing what it is to be beaten, he did the job entrusted to him with real credit.

He made three appearances that season, two home draws v QPR andPreston and a defeat atCardiff. Jack also told Jim Brown about a friendly game he played in in against the Turkish side Galatasaray at Highfield Road. They were probably one of the first Turkish sides to visit Englandand, according to the Coventry Evening Telegraph report, they created a wonderful friendly atmosphere at Highfield Road by carrying the Union Jack on to the pitch and throwing bunches of flowers to the crowd.

A crowd of 9, saw City win with goals from Jack and Noel Simpson. Jack told me that the Turks were extremely sporting on the pitch, and they picked City players up when they fell down. Then in the second half, when Ken Chisholm was floored, he was picked up, had his hand shaken and was embraced by the Galatasaray player! Later he worked at Rolls Royce at Anstey where he was also involved in union duties.

In May he was released by City and joined Nuneaton Borough and the following season had short spells with them and also appeared for Bedworth and Rugby Town. He was back with Bedworth for the season but by March he was appearing for Banbury Spencer and was playing at outside right. In he joined Lockheed Leamington, where his former City colleague Les Latham was manager, and also a favourite grazing place for ex-City men.

Jack scored twice and winger Ernie Ward a former City apprentice scored a hat-trick. Jack hung up his boots in at the age of 37 and was assistant manager at Leamington for a time before being granted a testimonial against NottinghamForestin for his service to the club. Jack was a keen golfer and played regularly until his death. After growing up in Cheylesmore he lived in Duncroft Avenue, Coundon for many years. Harry was born in Sheffield and started his professional career with Rotherham United.

He was spotted whilst playing for Woodthorpe Youth Club. As a 16 year old, he played for Rotherham Reserves against Gainsborough Trinity and Neil Franklin later to be one of the best England centre-halves of all-time was one of the guest players for Gainsborough! Harry Storer brought the inside-forward to Coventry in but competition for places was tough and Harry managed only ten first team games in his two seasons at Highfield Road. His debut was in a win atGrimsby in March and he scored his only goal in the final game of that season in a draw atLuton.

During his time at City he was a regular for the reserves and on 29 December at Filbert Street he scored a goal and was sent off in the defeat. Harry had lost his hair by the time he was 19 and therefore looked older than he was. He complained that, because referees assumed he was older, they thought he should know better and sent him off! He joined Grimsbyin , and played under the legendary Bill Shankly.

Later whilst still living in Nuneaton, he played non-league for Frickley Colliery and Stocksbridge Works. Post football, he worked at Dunlop and then Massey Ferguson on the furnaces for 16 years. After one home defeat at Highfield Road Storer came into the dressing room and grabbed Hart by his football shirt collar and marched him out on to a mud heap of a pitch. He was one of numerous good local players who filled in during the war for City when many of the first team squad were on active service in the hostilities.

He had made his debut as an eighteen year old in in a home win over Walsall but his wartime service in the Royal Navy robbed him of what might have been a very successful football career. In addition to his 18 war-time appearances for City he also appeared as a guest in the war for Southport and Morton and possibly Rangers whilst on active service in the Navy.

City had a strong team — only three of his twelve games were lost — and Setchell managed one goal in a win at Filbert Street. Another three appearances were made in , with one goal in a win at Notts County. Alf must have been confident of being in the first team squad when the first post-war season kicked off in August but he never played for the first team again. However, he was a regular for the reserves in before joining Kidderminster Harriers, then a Southern League club.

As well as the actual need from the viewpoint of military and local authorities, there was a keen desire on the part at British Columbian men to have such an organization and the idea spread like wild-fire. Who can say how or when that desire was first conceived!

Logging companies and loggers, especially, were most enthusiastic. Taylor, O. He was taken from an important staff post at Pacific Command Headquarters and given complete charge and responsibility. Fortunately for the Rangers, Col. He had had experience in the bush: in lumber mills, logging camps and on the coastal waters of British Columbia.

In his younger days, he had engaged in land surveying, timber cruising and railway construction in some of the wildest parts of the Western Province, both coastal and interior. When Col. With his first-hand knowledge of construction work both in northern British Columbia and on the Gold Coast of Africa, Col. Taylor is aware of the speed and skill with which logging crews and construction men can improvise and build bridges or demolish routes which would be of aid to the enemy.

Strangely enough, the initiative and energy possessed by many of these men would not fit them for the role of an ordinary soldier where unified action is imperative. Our woodsmen know these trails. In their own areas they could travel through fog or snow, something that no one unacquainted with the district could possibly do. Case histories reveal most interesting personalities and adventure-filled lives. Here are a few, chosen at random from files and personal interviews: The famous Col.

Leslie Coote, whose fifty years in British Columbia have made him the best-known man in the Fraser Valley. A fur trader with 15 years bush training, familiar with Indian B. One could go on with saw-filer, baker, submarine chaser, caterpillar operator, game warden, fishery inspector, loftsmen, cowboys, farmers and a host of others, all vital, key men in this democratic army. Taylor, who is a colorful personality himself, is very broad-minded about his Ranger officers.

Does he show qualities of leadership and initiative and a thorough knowledge of local conditions and terrain? A southern Vancouver Island area was the first district to form a Ranger unit. Other districts followed in rapid succession. The beginning was modest -- no uniform, no insignia, no equipment.

Then, on July 31, Col. Ralston told the House of Commons that weapons, including Tommy guns, had been sent to the Pacific Coast Militia Rangers and that other equipment would follow shortly. This gave impetus to recruiting. Men flocked to join existing units and other units were formed. The British Columbian men have something tangible. A uniform has been designed, similar to the clothing worn by practical men who work in the outdoors.

It is made of special windproof and wetproof material. The insignia was designed and here Col. This is regulated by the needs of a district, the number of men available and diverse other things, and does not permit of a stiff, regulated pattern. As the organization must fit local terrain and personnel offering, drill and manoeuvres are also elastic, depending solely upon conditions in a given area.

Ranger units take the distinctive names of their areas. These are in the front line of Island defense and fill vital roles. They consist mainly of loggers and woodsmen, and fording streams, building or demolishing bridges and similar tactics might fall to their lot. Fraser Valley district has units consisting of farmers and all types who make up a rural community.

Cariboo units are made up of cowboys, ranchers. One hilly district has a unit composed entirely of mounted men as horseback is the most suitable way of traversing the district. Indicative of the way the Indians are backing the war effort was the year-old Dog Creek Indian who offered his services as a guide or marksman and pointed back to a long, successful career as suitable qualifications. In appreciation of his sincerity, he was made an Honorary Ranger. Contrasting with the above are the West Point Grey and Hollyburn Rangers, composed chiefly of city men. During the long summer evenings and on autumn Sundays, dignified business men can be seen crawling on their stomachs in a manner reminiscent of long ago boyhood days when they played Indian scouts.

Not a quiver of a fern reveals their presence as they go through the woods. They shinny over waterfalls or ford streams with the elasticity of youth. In winter they will study map and compass-reading, first-aid, signalling, target practice and other branches of Ranger work. I was privileged to see several Ranger manoeuvres and as they differ in details, short accounts will show the diversity of Ranger activities. This is a flat country with farms and dense second growth timber right at the roadsides. It was dusk when we arrived at the level meeting ground. Immediately the Rangers split into two parties -- a group of seven being allotted the task of playing Jap parachutists who had ascended at a strategic point and escorted themselves there.

The main party march half a mile down the road. Most of these men have lived here all their lives Second growth. With the rain we have on the coast the growth is almost jungle-like in density and luxuriance. I strained my eyes, watching the ferns, three and four feet high, for the slightest movement. In the dusk they stayed motionless. They laughed. From a distant comer of the field came the rattle of gun fire. We were in direct line of fire. Stepped, in fact, almost on top of a crouching Ranger. I had watched the spot intently, thinking the Rangers might try just such a stunt to fool me but not a bush nor a fern had trembled.

Rifle-fire and machine-gun fire shattered the twilight stillness. Rangers crouched, advanced, sank motionlessly behind cover and advanced again from all directions. Even in those mock manoeuvres the boys looked grimly business-like. Did you kill them? Parksville is strategically situated at the crossroads where north and south highways meet the main cross island highway and an advance from the west would put the enemy in a good position.

From the moment they left the mountains they were ambushed from north, south and west while a strong force advanced from the east to meet them. This Sunday was different. We found them and stayed with them, following their cautious advance from tree to tree, from clump of bushes to bluff Then we pushed boldly ahead onto the highway. We were promptly halted by a guard and made to identify ourselves. Every motorist was halted and given instructions. At first most of them thought the whole thing a joke but as gunfire increased and smoke-barrages became heavier, thoughtfulness replaced amusement.

Every man was at his post: snipers on the roof-tops; boy runners on the job. Certain Rangers had been detailed for [Air Raid Precaution] duties and were standing by with hoses and fire-fighting and gas-decontamination equipment. A wind had arisen. The smoke-screen eddied and swirled. Through it, misty shapes armed with Tommy guns and hand grenades could be seen vaguely.

For the occasion the ammunition had been supplied by the military authorities. It was probably the largest amount of ammunition ever expended in that part of the world. We went to the First Aid Depot. There was a business-like set-up with mattresses, uniformed nurses, bandages, hot water bottles and other paraphernalia. Our trusty defenders were on the job, however, and the attackers were repelled.

There was one tragi-comic incident. A black spaniel, curious and nervous between the thunderous noises, bright flashes and strange sulphurous smells, decided to investigate. Result -- he arrived just as a rocket went off and a more astonished pup never scampered back to his owner. The following morning I saw two of the five rifle ranges in this general area. The Rangers have Winchester carbines, which are more suited to bush and range fighting than the military rifles.

One of these is on the flats and has a yd. It was built with difficulty as the sea water kept seeping through and dislodged the general contour. This has been rectified and improved. The other was deep in the woods, a grim reminder of the imminence of danger contrasting strangely with the cathedral stillness of the giant Douglas firs.

The story of this range is one of the many examples of Ranger ingenuity. From an abandoned logging trail, one branches off onto a good road made by the Rangers themselves. All the excavating, banking up of the butt embankment, the felling of the huge trees and placing them firmly interlaced into position was the work of the men in their spare time. The recording trench is 32x8x8 ft. If that time ever comes we will be waiting: more, we will be ready.

Eight trained field supervisors periodically visit units and maintain contact with headquarters and operational commands. Travelling instructors with equipment are provided. They visit outlying units and give instructions to the men after working hours. Selected members receive instructions at a central training camp where courses are continuous and hundreds will be trained yearly and returned to pass on their knowledge to fellow-Rangers.

Security veils the full extent of their defense preparations, which take in a jagged coastline of miles, which cover and area of over a quarter million square miles of some of the roughest, wildcat terrain in the world. Thomas A. They know their own country inside out, its every thicket and bush and rock, its very deer tracks. They believe that had the Ranger form of outfit--organized local defense units-- existed, not only in B. There are no outsiders. They have done work that no other outfit in Canada would even attempt. Civilians, serving without pay, they have been scouts and guides for the Active Army, and should invasion come, would be its auxiliary fighters.

Whenever a plane is down in the trackless wastelands of B. The Rangers went to work. They covered a tract of 64 square miles, with trailwise Rangers searching the entire area, spaced only five feet apart. The hunter was not found, but the parents were certain, then, that he was not there. White clad Rangers in the frozen Yukon are on hour alert with their dog teams, their sleds, their rifles and Sten guns. There will be no further sneaking in from off-shore. Its marine section is a fleet of boats manned by their owner-Rangers, sea- wise, sea-ready, and ever on the watch.

Caches of food and ammunition are hidden and ready for emergencies, for the Ranger is a practical man. He does not clash with his fighting brother in the Reserve Army, for their jobs compliment, rather than contradict each other. The Reserve Army units are built for defense of metropolitan areas, the Ranger units for defense of the rural districts. Rangers work in territory where the Reserves would be use-less, the Reserve men in areas where the trailwise Ranger would be lost.

Ranger ranks are made up of men from all walks of life--loggers, fishermen, hunters, businessmen. They meet in community halls, in Legion halls and church basements. They range in age from 15 to The P. They were authorized by Ottawa on March 14, , following a series of public requests for organized local defense units, and receipt of a deluge of letters by military and civil authorities. Within four months, over 10, men had swarmed into over a hundred B. When war came there were five rifle ranges in B. The Rangers built more, at no expense to the public. Companies have trained their own homing pigeon messengers.

They have their own training school for instructors, their own training officers and travelling instructors. They know and love their weapons--rifles, carbines, sub-machine guns, Sten sub-machine guns and sporting carbines. They learn fieldcraft and reconnaissance work, and out of their skill and intimate knowledge of local conditions, the army has found many of the training sites it uses. Forestry officials, worried by the ever-present menace of fire in B.

They are organized to help in keeping forest fires under control. The Rangers have their own monthly magazine, The Ranger, a high-grade paper job devoted chiefly to training subjects. Woodward take the salute. Gratitude was expressed by Lt. Woodward and Lt. Worthington, C. Woodward said. Worthington praised the co-operation extended by the Rangers to army and air force, especially to their vigilance in discovering and aiding in destruction of the Japanese balloons. Expert Guerillas Authorized for service in February, , the Rangers had reached some 10, strong within a few months of organizing.

Many unmapped regions of British Columbia were mapped by the Ranger men. With them bushcraft was a highly developed art and it was disclosed by the general that on many occasions the Rangers directed active service troops to alternate routes of evacuation during mock battles. Recruited from as far afield as the Yukon and Peace River, to the Kootenays and Vancouver Island, the Rangers patrolled an area as large as the combined areas of Belgium, Switzerland, France and Italy. The defense minister pointed out formation of this new defense unit made possible the revival of the Rangers, which were disbanded in Their role in peace includes acquiring and reporting detailed information about the country, likely to be of use in future planning.

The present plan, said Mr. Claxton, is to form nucleus companies of key personnel capable of rapid expansion. Men will be formed into companies with subunits which will be highly flexible in organization to allow for their varied duties. No establishment will be laid down by the defense department as to the size of the organization and personnel in it will not come under military discipline.

Issued Rifles Personnel will be issued with rifles by the army but will not receive pay unless called on for specific service. Training will be left largely to the units themselves. In making the announcement, the minister paid tribute to the PCMR organization for its wartime work of guarding thinly-populated areas against possible Japanese attacks. He made the announcement following conferences with Lt.

Taylor, former head of the Rangers and present managing director of an association formed to perpetuate the unit on a civilian basis. Claxton and Col. Claxton indicated Gen. Worthington would be given a supervisory role in formation of the organization in the west.

It is reported that similar companies will be organized throughout the Yukon and Northwest Territories. Establishment of the first unit in Dawson is considered a signal honor for this far northern mining centre. Plan Outposts Outposts of No. Initial steps to get the new organization under way were taken when a small group of Dawson men, including war veterans and former members of the now-disbanded Pacific Coast [Militia] Rangers, met Brigadier-General G.

Chapman Chosen At the initial meeting C. Chapman, former commanding officer of No. According to Mr. Few details have as yet been made known regarding the exact duties and purposes of the new organization, but it is understood that it will be well equipped. Army officers will be making regular trips to the north to inspect and instruct members of the Yukon companies. Congratulations When Major-General F.

Armed with rifles and probably Bren guns, tommy guns, grenades and pistols, they will stand guard [over] towns, mines, roads and airfields until regular combat troops are sent north, if developments warranted. These troops form the narrow backbone of the army and if mobilization came they would be the foundation on which the wartime army would be built. One point that would be protected quickly, however, with some active troops backing up the Rangers would be the Eldorado Mines in Great Slave Lake in the Northwest Territories, where uranium is obtained for atomic development.

The vital communication route of the Northwest highway from Edmonton to Whitehorse and on to Alaska would also be patrolled and guarded. A senior army officer said that Ranger units are being organized across the Northland in co-operation with the R. One company is located at Whitehorse and has been trained by the Royal Canadian Engineers working on the Northwest highway.

The Rangers are not members of the active army. They are drawn from the citizens of towns and hamlets and the open spaces of the Northland and have approximately the same status as members of the Reserve Force. A spokesman says they are useful even in peacetime, and will be practically indispensable in the event of war.

The Rangers are a body of woodsmen, trappers and guides being organized to maintain a lookout patrol in remote and unsettled areas of the north. He listed four functions: 1 As guides to troops who might be serving in the area. A ranger at Fort Nelson, for example, would be expected to know every river, creek and hill for miles around. The army borrowed the idea of a rangers corps from the Pacific coast [militia] rangers, who kept watch for possible Japanese penetration during the recent war.

They are not a part of either the active or reserve forces of the army, and get no pay unless called up for specific duties. The shield also bears three red maple leaves, superimposed over a crossed rifle and a double-bitted axe. The Rangers are staging repeated hit-and-run patrols on paratroopers attempting to destroy a hypothetical enemy wireless station in the snow-bound mountains near Kluane Lake.

The five-day attack on the man wireless unit, the first mobile striking force operation of the exercise, is scheduled to be completed Sunday. The Rangers participating in the exercise are just a small segment of a little-known reserve militia recruiting throughout the Canadian north and the Arctic archipelago.

Their positions and numbers still are secret. It is known, however, that they extend from the Yukon to Labrador and are rapidly being organized in the isolated northern sections of the provinces. In the event of hostilities, they would immediately go on active duty. The only military equipment doled out to the Rangers — all of them experienced outdoorsmen — consists of a rifle and an undisclosed amount of ammunition, an identifying arm band, and one of the khaki berets discarded by the Army following the Second World War.

They receive no pay except for participation in northern army exercises, and attend no parades. They are organized in companies, platoons and section, and have regular army ranks extending up to captain. The director and organizer of these northern guerrillas is Maj. They were recruited and founded by Maj- Gen F.

Little has been — or can be — said of their part in the northern exercise. The scouts pointed the way to paratroop forces striving to knock out a tightly-moulded invading force represented by the first battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment from London, Ont.

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They are the remnants of a local Canadian Rangers outfit made up of Indians, woodsmen and trappers who now are emerging as the heroes of this fast-paced Arctic exercise. For days before the paratroopers hurtled into the Sept Iles salient to box in the northern attacking force, Rangers scoured the ground dodging the invaders but closely watching their movements as they set up defence positions along the fringes of Sept Iles airport.

Airport Captured Only lack of radio facilities prevented the Rangers from channeling information to the defending air and ground forces building up strength at the huge Goose Bay airbase in Labrador. The invaders took over the airport Thursday afternoon with resistance as the Rangers, a civilian commando outfit, faded into the surrounding woods as they had been told to do if the enemy struck at this strategic iron-ore port and railhead.

They bided their time. Sunday they struck only a few hours before the battle-hardened Royal 22nd Regiment and supporting arms were parachuted into the area in a surprise attack. The counter-attackers struck in three waves, the first shortly after a. Trudeau and his headquarters alongside the rest of the airborne assault force. Enemy Concealed With weather closing in and rain threatening, the assault commander decided to push on and harass the invaders. During the night Col. Trudeau sent out probing patrols aided by Indian Rangers.

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At dawn, the airborne troops prepared to sound out enemy defences between them and their objective—the airfield three miles to the south on the town borders. Frobisher, N. This morning he and his opposite number, the American CO, ganged up on me, obviously by prearrangement, and suggested that the Rangers should provide a Guard of Honour for U. Secretary of Defence [Charles] Wilson; Hon. Howe, and other VIPs who are due to arrive tomorrow.

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I am in favour of the Guard and think it would be very good for the Rangers but I would have liked more time for preparation. Sageakdok, 14 Rangers were assembled in the townsite garage tonight, and with Sgt. I attempted no more than this and they caught on quickly in spite of the language difficulty.

I have great hopes for them.

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  • I shall not appear at all but Bob Griffiths will stand by to provide any explanations that are needed. There was some doubt as to whether they would arrive at all because of the weather, and when they did, they came in an unexpected order, the first plane bringing Hon. Ralph Campney and Hon. By this time. I had fastened the Guard in position and disappeared into the hangar behind them from where I would watch proceedings, more or less, through a crack in the door.

    When Mr. Howe alighted he incautiously approached within range of Sageakdok who at once called the Guard to attention as he had been told to do. Howe inspected the Guard with which he was obviously fascinated. I was fascinated also. None of the men concerned had ever heard of a Guard of Honour or done any drill until last night. They were dressed in their best clothes and for the sake of uniformity wore the hoods of their parkas up. Normally, Eskimos tend to slouch, but I had told them that soldiers were important people and that they should hold their heads high and not move a muscle while they were being inspected.

    They did this and were amazingly steady. He does not speak much English and was having difficulty in remembering the half-understood words of command and even in pronouncing them. Furthermore, Sageakdok had to learn how to salute approximately correctly instead of in the sloppy style he has hitherto affected. I need not have worried about him. I could not think where he had learnt to behave like this until it dawned on me that Eskimos are very observant and imitative, and that he was simply mimicking my own demonstration of the night before.

    It was an extraordinarily good performance and was only marred by the fact that he was, as I later learned, chewing bubble-gum throughout! He is an impressive-looking little man in a tough, compact sort of way and looked just right as Guard Commander. Simonee, the section Sgt. I doubt if it would have been possible to mount a guard without his help. He is a young man, tall for an Eskimo, good-looking and very intelligent.

    He was one of the Eskimos who represented Baffin Island at the Coronation and he has the Coronation Medal, which he was wearing today. He is at present employed by the Dept. Howe had barely finished his inspection when Mr. Wilson disembarked and the whole thing began all over again. They had not moved so much as an eyeball in half-an-hour.

    I congratulated them heartily and meant every word of it. As far as I could judge, they were pleased with themselves. I understand that some of them met the Governor General when he visited here recently, but this is the first time that a formal Guard of Honour has been mounted. Yet, from the time they hit Canadian territory, there were under constant check by the Rangers.

    Down south at Haines Junction the authorities were getting steady reports on their progress. At Mile Lt. Wally Wandga, Ranger platoon commander and camp foreman, mustered 10 Rangers and they blocked the highway with two road graders. The bandits, in the second car they had stolen, were racing through the night. They screeched to a halt as lights flared, showing them the roadblock. They saw 10 rifles trained on them and quietly surrendered to the lone Mountie and his band of Rangers. Operation Bandits had demonstrated fast, effective co-ordination between the Rangers and the civil authorities, just the kind of help the military men hoped they would get when they set up the Rangers.

    The Rangers are, undoubtedly, one of the strangest military outfits in history. But they are tailor-made for one of the strangest military services in history—keeping watch over hundreds of thousands of square miles of the barren lands and bush country of northern Canada where the population averages one person every 80 square miles. These men, trappers, prospectors, miners, woodsmen and farmers, are the eyes and ears of the defence department in 50 per cent of Canada, through the northern parts of the provinces and in the Yukon and the Northwest Territories.

    Dave Jones, of the Rangers at Aklavik. He speaks simply, yet proudly, conscious that he is a member of a carefully picked band of about 3, volunteers who are serving their country. As well, they are the least expensive military force any nation has today. Their only uniform is an army-pattern waist belt and an armband, a green shield bearing a crossed rifle and a double-bitted axe in black, over which are imposed three red maple leaves.

    To get the same kind of protective screen of watchers from the regular army over this vast stretch of Canada would cost tens of millions of dollars a year. However, army men, who would have to be changed at regular intervals, could never master the area as have these men who have spent their lives learning how to live with the north. Formal army exercises in the north have shown that in the Rangers the regular military forces have the finest guides and scouts they could require.

    Canadian military men quickly realized that in these men they have a strange sort of faculty of the college of northern knowledge. Stimulated by the interest shown at the various command headquarters, the Rangers work steadily to compile up-to-date data on their areas which is of considerable value to the regular defence forces. In addition, army officers turn to them to learn about the country. In one igloo he visited he found and old fashioned stone lamp in use, the first he had ever seen outside a museum.

    Unsung, almost unknown, this northern home guard mans the distant, silent frontier country, experiencing through their service a new kinship with the men and women of the cities and farms of the Canadian south. They patrol the lonely places of Canada and are a potential guerilla army.

    They are an outgrowth of the Pacific Coast Militia Rangers, so a backward look at that little-known organization gives a realistic picture of this present one. They were made up of residents in all parts of British Columbia and as far north as Dawson City in the Yukon. Among them were fishermen, trappers, ranchers, loggers, storekeepers, railway hands, miners and road maintenance men, white and Indian alike.

    All were trained to provide information, report suspicious activities and, if necessary, resist enemy landing, and their motto was Vigilance, Integrity and Silence. Many of them were skilled woodsmen and hunters who could shoot, stalk, and track over any sort of country. They were also provided with a rifle and an annual allotment of ammunition and every Ranger carried a rope fitted with toggles so it could be joined with other ropes.

    The PCMRs were loosely organized in companies but carried on their regular occupations, functioning more as individuals than as teams. They trained on their own at week-ends, and periodically they were inspected by the general officer commanding at Vancouver. At first they attempted the conventional line formation with presentation of arms, but this was not very successful and a newly arrived [General Officer Commanding G. Word passed quickly through the Rangers that the new general wanted scouts, not soldiers. The next time that G. To greet him was a lone figure in loose canvas clothing with rifle slung on his shoulder.

    The Ranger captain raised his arm and a volley of rifle fire filled the air. Suddenly up from the ground, from behind trees, bushes and cover of any sort Rangers appeared and advancing in a body, formed a circle around the two staff officers and their captain. The general was completely surprised and confounded but took the joke on himself with good grace and complimented him on their clever tactics. The Rangers served without pay and there were no age restrictions, but most of them were either too old or too young to join the armed forces.

    On an all-day anti-sabotage exercise one Sunday the G. He arrived with two members of his staff, and leaving the car on the road, started walking into the bush where the exercise was to be held. The general advanced and presented his credentials, then stood by while the other two officers did likewise.

    Having been cleared and recognized, the general started to chat with the old man who said he had been in the Rangers from the start. Three desperate men could have overpowered you. Grand-dad and grandson, aged eighty-five and thirteen respectively, were both Rangers and represented the extremes of the age bracket. The PCMRs served in a variety of ways. They patrolled regions where they lived and with which they were familiar, and any stranger in that area roused suspicion.

    The road workers, railway men, postmasters, Rangers all, noted the newcomer and passed the word along. Except in emergency, they took no action and travellers were rarely aware that they were observed all along the line. The Rangers were specially valuable in search and rescue when aircraft were lost in the mountains, and also provided much needed topographical information, but they were never used for guard duty. This was the role of the Military, but they did take part in exercises with the Services, using their scouting skills and guerilla tactics to reveal weaknesses in defences thought to be secure.

    In the spring of the Japanese launched incendiary balloons that drifted across the Pacific to this continent, but the close watch of the Rangers prevented any serious conflagrations in the forests, and they recovered so many bits and pieces of the balloons that the Royal Canadian Engineers at Chilliwack were able to reconstruct and study this gimcrack weapon. But in National Defence Headquarters recognized the contribution they had made in guarding the West Coast, and decided that such a body of men would be of value in peace time too, and would provide a nucleus for rapid expansion if another war broke out.

    Consequently the Ranger organization was revived but with a wider concept. Today from the Pacific to the Atlantic Oceans there are Rangers in isolated and sparsely populated areas where there is no other practical means of surveillance, and they do for all Canada what the PCMRs did for British Columbia. Still functioning as individuals, they carry out their duties in conjunction with their regular jobs. Even in peace time there is the need to report suspicious activities, to guide, to search, to rescue, and to supply vital information about the formidable country they live in.

    If necessary the Canadian Rangers will assist in local defence until the arrival of regular troops. They have no uniforms, receive no pay, seek no glory, but these men of known loyalty, Indian, Eskimo and white, take pride in standing on guard in the empty and remote parts of Canada with vigilance and integrity, and in silence. They are the unsung men of the Canadian Rangers. If the country goes to war, they will report to local military commanders as scouts. If Canada is ever invaded without warning, they are ready to take to the hills as guerillas.

    There are close to such men, whose second calling is hardly known to most of the people they encounter in daily life. They are organized in 42 groups ranging in size from company down to platoon. The larger units are split up in different locations, and altogether towns and villages—the outposts of Canada, for the most part—have Ranger groups.

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    Photo by Shot-in-Texas. Founded in by Artistic Director Kathy Wood, FLY Dance Company offers a variety of concert performances as well as educational shows, workshops, and residencies available for booking locally, nationally, and internationally. Labeled an artistic phenomenon, FLY crosses street dance with classical choreographic principles.

    Their technique is hip hop-- very creative, gymnastic, and highly masculine. FLY's concerts are clean-cut, wholesome artistry designed to cross all audience boundaries-- young and old, men and women, sophisticated and unsophisticated-- with pieces combining styles and cultures to reflect contemporary Americana FLY's community outreach reaches an average of 50, kids annually with educational shows, residencies, and workshops that are unmatched in variety and positive social impact.

    Concert offerings are available as full-length or mini-concerts and are adaptable for college student activities and youth concerts. Performances can vary in length and cast size with performing fees adjusted accordingly. Photo by J. Del Fierro. Founded in by Artistic Director Allison Orr, Forklift Danceworks actively engages diverse communities through the creation of unique civic dance projects. Using the movement of daily life as choreographic inspiration, Forklift casts community members as the primary performers.

    Past productions have included Venetian gondoliers, firefighters, city sanitation employees, people who are visually impaired, recycling warehouse workers, a symphony conductor, electric utility employees and many others Forklift's performances have garnered local and national attention for outstanding, innovative choreography as well as appearances at national and international festivals such as Fusebox, the Kennedy Center for the VSA International Arts Festival, and the Kyoto Experiment Festival.

    The company also offers school residencies from pre-K to the college level, professional development for classroom teachers, workshops in mixed-ability dance for dancers of all abilities, leadership training workshops, and keynotes. Photo by Mark Shapiro. Guy Forsyth is an award-winning blues musician with gripping, powerful vocals who delivers energetic yarns about love, the government, and the apocalypse, to name just a few. A true Renaissance man, he has mastered numerous instruments including acoustic, electric, and slide guitar; harmonica; ukulele; and singing saw.

    From his start as founder and stellar live performer with the Asylum Street Spankers to being awarded numerous Austin Music Awards, Forsyth has earned a veritable army of fans in Texas and beyond. Guy Forsyth performs solo, as well as with his three-piece band, featuring Guy on vocals, guitar, harmonica, singing saw, and more, with bass and drums. Guy also tours and performs with his Hot Nut Riveters project, a five- or six-piece acoustic ensemble performing prohibition-era jazz. Photo by Rodney Bursiel Photography.

    The Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra is made up of 66 internationally-recruited musicians who have brought world-class symphonic performances to rural communities across Texas for over 35 years. The FWSO is nationally recognized for its artistic excellence and dynamic approach to music education programming. With the help of an experienced managerial and artistic staff, the Orchestra frequently presents inspiring public or student-focused performances in concert halls, community centers, and schools.

    Whenever possible, the FWSO seeks to make symphonic music accessible to children and adults who, due to geographic constraints, might not otherwise have the opportunity to attend a live, professional orchestral performance. The Orchestra regularly presents a wide range of traditional and contemporary works that are audience-specific and age-appropriate, both in Fort Worth and throughout neighboring communities. Also, education programs include study materials, provided in advance of each performance to prepare students for their concert experience. Based on availability and the presenter's budget, community concerts can feature soloists, incorporate choral support, and take place in outdoor venues.

    The FWSO's unique programs are constantly being updated. Please consult their website or contact the FWSO for current details. Photo by Julien Lambert. Those who have followed Ruthie Foster's eclectic musical history know that she can ignite any stage with her combustible blend of soul, blues, rock, folk and gospel. Ruthie Foster can perform solo with her guitar, or in duo, trio, quartet or quintet configurations.

    Her show includes originals and covers in the areas of blues, folk, soul, and gospel music. Photo by John Carrico. The Gimbles Dick and Emily carry on the tradition of playing true Texas music and not only that, they know it first-hand. Dick is the son of the iconic Johnny Gimble, who is considered the finest fiddler to ever play with Bob Wills, the King of Western swing. Playing alongside Johnny for five decades, Dick accessed the kind of musical knowledge and nuance that only an intimate relationship can impart. Third generation Emily has played with Johnny and Dick spanning two decades; meanwhile she plays with her own generation of musicians and has been revitalizing Western swing for the future.

    The Gimbles can assemble a band from duo to a full-on Texas swing ensemble. Photo by Marilynn Gimble. Since , the Great Promise Dancers have performed across the state of Texas with the mission of preserving the traditions, heritage and culture of American Indians. The culturally authentic programs presented by Great Promise are both entertaining and informative. Traditions, stories and history come alive through song and dance. Audiences are introduced to the sights and sounds of the modern day powwow which is still relevant as a disciplined form of artistic and cultural expression.

    Dance styles and clothing are explained and demonstrated. Narration, live singing and drumming, and audience participation enhance the overall experience. Nan also offers educational programs which feature hands-on participation and the sharing of her talents and experiences on a personal level with audiences of all ages. Great Promise programs are flexible and tailored to the needs of the presenter ranging from one artist to a larger group.

    Presentation size, time length and content can be adapted to fit most events, venues, audiences, and budgets. School and classroom programs compliment TEKS standards for arts, music and social studies. It performs the colorful regional dances of Mexico, as well as the flamenco rhythms of Spain.

    The Guadalupe commissions international choreographers whose stunning work is featured in the company's productions. The dancers are available for full-length public performances, school lecture-demonstrations, and group workshops. Performances can include live music for additional fees. The Guadalupe Dance Company tours three productions, including: Celebrando Tradiciones - from Aztec dance to mariachi music, audiences are transported to the beautiful regions of Mexico with lively dances and music; Alma Flamenco - with intricate flamenco rhythms and breathtaking choreography, this program stretches the boundaries of traditional and contemporary movement; and Rio Bravo - featuring five dazzling suites of dance, this original production explores the dynamic cultural exchanges between South Texas and Mexico through the ages.

    Photo by Edward Benavides. Brazos St. Pamela Hart is highly regarded as Austin, Texas' finest jazz vocalist. Her sultry rendition of classic jazz standards and contemporary music wins immediate acceptance by any audience. Pamela Hart is a beautiful woman who steals the heart of any jazz aficionado. Be prepared to shout "encore! In addition to singing, Pamela mentors young singers.

    For more information, music videos, mp3s and photos, and schedule visit www. Photo by David Gotlieb. Terri Hendrix is a Texas singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist guitar, mandolin, harmonica with three generations of loyal fans around the globe. Her performances are energetic and uplifting in any setting-- from listening rooms and theaters, to outdoor festivals and children's shows. She's also experienced in performing for those with disabilities.

    For the past twenty years, she's been performing and conducting workshops with Lloyd Maines in both a duo and band format. Photo by Kathleen Hill. Little Joe launched his career in in Temple with the formation of the band initially known as Little Joe and the Latinaires. Little Joe continues to tour nationwide, showcasing new and past musical arrangements to audiences as generationally expansive as his music.

    Her concerts are uplifting, connective and full of joy whether with 50 people or She has released 14 albums for adults and 3 for children, winning multiple awards for her music and humanitarian efforts in the U. How did you learn to play fiddle like that? Are you playing anywhere else this week? How old are you? Warren always obliges to answer all of the questions, that's just his character the answers are usually something like, "Black Cat", hard work and listening to the right records, yes, definitely, and older than you think.

    He cares deeply about the experiences of the people who come to his shows and buy his records and works hard to create memorable live performances and albums. Photo by Micael Marie Monroe. The band also writes its own material and reinterprets everything from hoedowns to American songbook standards in its own, original style. Ten studio albums, a global following, and the relentless passion of its live shows are the band's continuing trademark.

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    Photo by JJ Johnson. Houston Ballet II is the dynamic second company to the acclaimed Houston Ballet, and is a wonderful choice for smaller communities yearning to present beautiful classical ballet at a reasonable cost, with modest technical demands. Houston Ballet II performs a wide array of dance works ranging from excerpts from stunning contemporary pieces to traditional classical ballets.

    HBII offers a touring repertory evening with a satisfying variety of classical and contemporary works. With its reputation for artistic excellence, Houston Boychoir regularly presents concerts throughout the city, state and region. The boys perform down the street and around the world, serving as ambassadors across the United States, Europe, China and South Africa. The musical repertoire is widely varied and draws on literature from all styles, languages, and periods of music history. Audiences everywhere delight in their ephemeral sound and charming youthful exuberance.

    The Houston Boychoir concert program has portions of traditional liturgical music, historical in nature and "native" to singing boys. A second portion is devoted to contemporary music by current composers as well as folk music and world music that span the globe in language and origin. A final portion of the concert is often a small staged work such as an abbreviated Broadway Musical, a one-act opera, or a theatrical work created for Houston Boychoir. Photo by Jeff Grass. Founded in , the Houston Symphony is an internationally recognized orchestra known for its artistic excellence, innovation, and service to the community.

    Each year, the 88 full-time musicians of the Houston Symphony perform more than concerts, recitals, education and community programs and events that impact the lives of more than , people, including over 97, children and students and more than , who attend performances free of charge. In addition to concerts in major performance spaces, the orchestra regularly performs in hospitals, schools, places of worship, and other community centers throughout the city. The Houston Symphony offers a wide variety of programming options that can be customized to meet the diverse needs of its presenters.

    In addition to concerts featuring classical masterpieces and popular programming, the Houston Symphony can perform interactive family concerts, multicultural programs, and engaging educational concerts that are TEKS-aligned. Photo by Maria Rocha. For over 20 years Donna Ingham has taken the ancient art of storytelling and given it a Texas twist. A college English professor in her former life and author of six books, she creates finely crafted stories from history, folklore, and her own personal experiences. And although she did not set out to be a liar, she has been named the Biggest Liar in Austin, Houston, San Antonio, and, yes, the whole state of Texas.

    Her stories reflect her native roots in the Lone Star State, and she chooses appropriate stories for all ages and stages. Her "Tall Tales and True" offering is a flexible, well-received program adaptable for all ages, with some stories complemented by guitar, ukulele, or washboard accompaniment. Representative stories allow for multicultural elements and geographic scope. In addition to programs and performances for schools, libraries, conferences, and festivals, she also offers keynotes, luncheon and after-dinner speaking, author visits, workshops, and residencies.

    Photo by Donna Ingham. The Invincible Czars make hard-to-categorize music for lovers of everything in the "other" category. Musicianship, humor and experimentation abound. They also have a sweet wardrobe collection. Since then, they've played nearly every major holiday event in the state. Lately, the band has been focused on its silent film work. Hyde," and five others. In they had a weekly residency at the Alamo Ritz in Austin and were featured performers at the Seattle International Film Festival. Photo by Suzi Spies, Josh Robins.

    The band plays Western swing, jazz, and traditional country at performing arts centers, theaters, dance halls, festivals and private events. In addition to standard two- or three-set live shows, the Jason Roberts Band performs a thematic program that is well received at performing arts centers and local theaters. Audiences see how all of these influences came together to become Western swing, itself a precursor to rock and roll and how Bob Wills and his players were bending strings to boogie rhythms in the s-- long before Elvis and Little Richard.

    Jazz Houston is a Houston-based jazz institution led by renowned trombonist and artistic director Vincent Gardner. He has spent the last 17 years performing with Wynton Marsalis and is currently the principal trombonist with the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra. He also spent the previous four years as the founding director of the Jazz at Lincoln Center Youth Orchestra. Jazz Houston has a broad roster of artists and repertoire consisting of multiple programs showcasing works across genres, composers, and time periods that can be customized for each audience.

    The programs are a mix of sacred and secular, traditional and contemporary, jazz, blues, Latin and gospel, performed by various sized ensembles from vocal soloists to the full piece jazz orchestra. Photo by Frank Stewart. He has led the way in expanding conjunto music from his community in San Antonio, to new audiences both in the United States and worldwide. John, and Ry Cooder, among others, and has spread the language of conjunto through national and international tours. Craig Hella Johnson, Texas State Musician, is known for crafting thought-provoking musical journeys that create deep connections between performers and listeners.

    Johnson is in frequent demand as a guest conductor of choral and orchestral works. Olaf Choir. Schirmer and Hal Leonard. He also performs as a pianist and singer in a variety of styles. Elizabeth Kahura is a native of Kenya, Africa. Living in the United States since , she has shared African knowledge with audiences of all ages through the African Safari program. A teacher by profession, Elizabeth educates while at the same time entertaining audiences through storytelling, puppetry, music, language arts, and hands-on art projects.

    Schools, libraries, museums, and festivals enjoy her inspirational countenance, her displays of African artifacts, and her ability to build a bridge of understanding by demonstrating the similarities between cultures and traditions of Africa and United States. African Safari comprises seven program choices adaptable to all ages. They include: A Day in Africa- highlights geography and culture; Folktales from Africa- highlights stories and poems of Africa; A Jungle Walk- highlights the flora and fauna of Africa; Sound of Africa- highlights story, music, and dance; African Art- highlights carvings, clothing, and instruments; Kwanzaa- a community celebration that highlights TEKS; and Embracing Diversity- workshops for adults.

    Elizabeth received a "Mashujaa" heroes award in recognition for "Cultural Preservation and Awareness. She is a self assured combination of singer and songwriter, who is both a successful solo artist and formidable band leader. Shelley has released 7 albums to rave reviews and radio chart success. King tours Texas and the US performing almost nightly at intimate concerts and major venues and festivals.

    Her songs have been recorded by numerous national and international artists. She is available to perform as a solo, duo, trio or band, acoustic or electric. She has also conducted song writing and team building work shops at both schools and major corporations. A massive force of percussion and electronics, The Kraken Quartet is a genre-crossing group known for its highly energetic and engaging performances. Since their formation in , the Austin-based group has been heralded for merging elements of indie rock, minimalism, post-rock, electronica, and the avant-garde.

    Currently based in Austin, TX, The Kraken Quartet maintains an active schedule, regularly performing both at home and on the road. The group has performed as part of several festivals and concert series in Texas and around the country. The ensemble also has a strong educational initiative, most recently working with students at the University of Texas at Austin, Ithaca College, and Belmont University.

    Together they host workshops focused on collaborative composition, and playing music together in a group setting, helping to supply students with the tools they need to grow. The Kraken Quartet is a c 3 nonprofit organization. Photo by Evan Chapman. Sue excites and connects to family audiences by taking them on journeys through her multicultural folktales, fairy tales, urban legends and personal stories from around the world.

    Using words, music, puppetry, and even string figures, she engages active participation among listeners, mesmerizing even the most reluctant of kids. Sue's storytelling passion and energy originated from her 32 years as an elementary teacher and librarian in San Antonio. Family members telling stories to each other at home is her dream and through her modeling and encouragement, stories will live for generations to come!